Runtime: None minutes
Den Elfde van den Elfde - County of Loon - Netflix
The County of Loon (Dutch: Graafschap Loon, French: Comté de Looz) was a province of the ancien regime Holy Roman Empire, which by 1190 came under the overlordship of the Prince-bishop of Liège. It lay north of Liège and west of the Maas river (French: Meuse) in present-day Flemish-speaking Belgium. Loon's first definite count was brother to a bishop of Liège, and over generations the county grew and then came under direct control of the bishops, as their largest Dutch-speaking secular lordship. Once it reached its maximum extent its territory corresponded closely to that of the current Belgian province of Limburg. The Dutch-speaking “Good Cities” of Liège (French: bonnes villes, which were cities with certain rights) were Beringen, Bilzen, Borgloon, Bree, Hamont, Hasselt, Herk-de-Stad, Maaseik, Peer and Stokkem, all in Loon, and all in Belgian Limburg today. Like other areas which eventually came under the power of the Prince Bishop of Liège, despite strong political links Loon was never formally part of the unified lordship of the “Low Countries” which united almost all of the Benelux in the Middle Ages, and continued to unite almost all of today's Belgium until the ancien regime was ended by the French revolution. The communities of Loon then became part of France, and later of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, in a province which united them with their eastern neighbours. In 1839 the territory of Loon was split off again definitively joining the new Kingdom of Belgium as Belgian Limburg. Although the chief city came to be Hasselt, now also the provincial capital of Belgian Limburg, the original chief city of this county before it expanded was Borgloon, which was originally just called Loon (French: Looz), now in the southern part of modern Limburg. This southern and oldest part of the county is geographically in the hilly Belgian region along the Dutch-French language border known as Hesbaye or Haspengouw in Dutch, a region which had four counties in 870. From its earliest times as a county however, Loon also seems to have had lordships stretching to the Maas valley, and later it expanded northwards into the low-lying Dutch-speaking Kempen region (French: Campine) which had been part of the old Frankish gau and Roman pagus of Toxandria.
Den Elfde van den Elfde - Counts of Loon - Netflix
Count Otto? Named as count of Loon in a much later, and confused seeming, record of his son Baldric II's installation as Bishop of Liège in 1008. His existence is doubted, for example by Baerten. Giselbert (count at least 1015-1036), he and his brother Arnold were both referred to as counts in Haspengouw, and Giselbert was specifically referred to as count of Loon. Emmon (d.1078), clearly called “count of Loon” in own lifetime. His brother Otto became count of Duras, but the brothers were collectively called counts of Loon also. His father is likely to have been Giselbert, but it is not certain. Arnold I (count at least 1090-1125), son of Emmo, married Agnes, daughter and heiress of Count Gerard of Rieneck, Burgrave of Mainz. (His contemporary, another Giselbert, the son of his uncle Otto, was count in Duras.) Arnold II (count in 1135), son of Arnold I. Founded Averbode Abbey. Louis I (1139–1171), son of Arnold II, married Agnes, daughter of Count Folmar V of Metz Gerard (1171–1191), son, married Adelaide, daughter of Count Henry I of Guelders Louis II (1191–1218), son, married Ada, daughter of Count Dirk VII of Holland, also Count of Holland 1203 - 1207, followed by his brothers as guardians of his minor nephews Louis III and Arnold IV: Henry (1218), another son of Gerard, died soon after. Arnold III (1218–1221), another son of Gerard, also Count of Rieneck, married Adelaide, daughter of Duke Henry I of Brabant. Louis III (1221–1227), grandson of Gerard, son of Gerard, Count of Rieneck, also Count of Rieneck 1221 - 1243, renounced Loon in favour of his younger brother. Arnold IV (1227–1273), another grandson of Gerard and son of Count Gerard of Rieneck, married Joanna, daughter of Louis IV the Younger, Count of Chiny, also Count of Chiny (as Arnold II) John I (1273–1279), son, married Matilda, daughter of William IV, Count of Jülich, secondly Isabelle de Condé Arnold V (1279–1323), son, also Count of Chiny 1299 - 1313, married Margaret of Vianden Louis IV (1323–1336), son, also Count of Chiny (as Louis VI) since 1313, married Margaret, daughter of Duke Theobald II of Lorraine Male line extinct, succeeded by: Theodoric, (1336–1361) son of Gottfried of Sponheim, Lord of Heinsberg and Mechtild of Loon, sister of Count Louis IV, also Count of Chiny and Lord of Heinsberg Gottfried (1361–1362), nephew, son of John of Heinsberg, married Philippa, daughter of Count William V of Jülich, also Count of Chiny and Lord of Heinsberg, sold the comital title to: Arnold VI of Rumigny (1362–1366), also Count of Chiny (as Arnold IV), claimant, renounced in favour of Liege,
Den Elfde van den Elfde - References - Netflix