Tagged with French

H - Netflix

The lives of the carelessly incompetent medical team at a hospital in the Parisian suburbs explode in surreal humour as they go about their daily duties.

H - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 30 minutes

Premier: 1998-10-24

H - Aspirated consonant - Netflix

In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of breath that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents. In English, aspirated consonants are allophones in complementary distribution with their unaspirated counterparts, but in some other languages, notably most Indian and East Asian languages, the difference is contrastive, while in Arabic and Persian, all stops are aspirated. To feel or see the difference between aspirated and unaspirated sounds, one can put a hand or a lit candle in front of one's mouth, and say spin [spɪn] and then pin [pʰɪn]. One should either feel a puff of air or see a flicker of the candle flame with pin that one does not get with spin.

H - Absence - Netflix

French, Standard Dutch, Tamil, Italian, Russian, Spanish, Modern Greek, and Latvian are languages that do not have phonemic aspirated consonants.

H - References - Netflix

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Loin de chez nous - Netflix

Loin de chez nous - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 25 minutes

Premier: 2016-09-19

Loin de chez nous - François Valéry - Netflix

François Valéry (real name : Jean-Louis Mougeot, born on 4 August 1954, in Oran, French Algeria) is a French singer-songwriter and composer.

Loin de chez nous - Singles - Netflix

1973 : “Et puis c'est tout” (pseudonym : Claude Larra) 1974 : “Une
chanson d'été” 1974 : “Le Prince d'amour” 1975 : “Toutes les chansons
d'amour sont tristes” 1975 : “Lady Music” 1976 : “Dormir avec toi” 1976
“Qu'est-ce qu'on a dansé sur cette chanson” 1977 : “La Vieille
musique” 1977 : “Dînons ce soir en amoureux” 1978 : “Laisse tomber” 1978
“La Loi d'amour” 1979 : “Chanteur pour fille de 16 ans” 1979 : “Disco
Brasilia” 1979 : “Tu as gagné je t'aime” 1980 : “Chez Lola” 1980 :
“Emmanuelle” 1980 : “Symphonie pour cœur brisé” 1981 : “Chanson d'adieu”
1981 : “Dream In Blue” (en duo avec Sophie Marceau) 1982 : “Stars, le
samedi soir” 1982 : “Oran, juin 62” 1982 : “Comme une poupée” 1983 :
“Joy” (soundtrack) 1983 : “Elle était venue du Colorado” 1983 : “Elle
danse, Marie” 1984 : “Mon pote le DJ” 1984 : “Et dieu créa le rock” 1985
“La Femme qui danse” 1985 : “Joy and Joan” (soundtrack) 1985 : “Il voit la musique” 1986 : “Comme Jimmy Dean” 1987 : “Je sais que tu vis” 1987 : “Putain d'envie de vivre” 1988 : “Esclave de la musique” 1989 : “Aimons-nous vivants” – #6 in France 1989 : “C'est pas possible” – #32 in France 1989 : “C'est la même chanson” – #20 in France 1990 : “J'aime l'amour avec toi” 1991 : “Qu'est-ce que je t'aime” 1991 : “Tout est écrit” 1992 : “Changer de vie” 1992 : “Loin d'être un saint” 1994 : “Il est revenu le soleil” 1996 : “Cuba Cuba” – #43 in France 1996 : “Que la musique nous éclaire” 1997 : “Qu'est ce qu'on est con” 1998 : “Au nom de toi” 1998 : “Carmen” – #70 in France 1999 : “Tout ce que j'aime” 2005 : “Jouez Gitans”

Loin de chez nous - References - Netflix

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Marjorie - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 90 minutes

Premier: 2016-06-01

Marjorie - Dina Merrill - Netflix

Dina Merrill (born Nedenia Marjorie Hutton; December 29, 1923 – May 22, 2017) was an American actress, heiress, socialite, businesswoman, and philanthropist.

Marjorie - Early life - Netflix

Merrill was born in New York City on December 29, 1923, although for many years her date of birth was given as December 9, 1925. She was the only child of Post Cereals heiress Marjorie Merriweather Post and her second husband, Wall Street stockbroker Edward Francis Hutton, founder of E. F. Hutton & Co. Merrill had two older half-sisters, Adelaide Breevort (Close) Hutton (July 26, 1908 – December 31, 1998) and Eleanor Post (Close) Hutton (December 3, 1909 – November 27, 2006), by her mother's first marriage to Edward Bennett Close, grandfather of actress Glenn Close. Merrill attended George Washington University in Washington, D.C., for one term, then dropped out and enrolled at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City. She received a lifetime achievement award from the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in April 2005.

Marjorie - References - Netflix

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En Famille - Netflix

En Famille - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 6 minutes

Premier: 2014-07-07

En Famille - Mes Aïeux - Netflix

Mes Aïeux (English: My Ancestors) is a Québécois group from Canada founded in 1996.

En Famille - Current members - Netflix

Marie-Hélène Fortin - violin, percussion, vocals (1996-present) Stéphane Archambault - vocals, melodica (1996-present) Frédéric Giroux - guitars, bass, harmonica, glockenspiel, vocals (1996-present) Marc-André Paquet - drums, percussions, bass, vocals (1996-present) Benoît Archambault - piano, trumpet, accordion, percussions, vocals (1996-present) Luc Lemire - saxophone, glockenspiel, percussions (1996-present)

En Famille - References - Netflix

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Fortier - Netflix

Anne Fortier is a criminal psychologist who works with the investigators of SAS (Anti-Sociopathic Service), a fictional police division specializing in crimes involving mental illnesses. Although their crimes include a shoe thief and a pyromaniac, most of the cases given a lot of time on the series are murders, often serial killings. While solving these cases Fortier and her colleagues must wrestle with her own murky past and psychological issues.

Fortier - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 60 minutes

Premier: 2000-02-03

Fortier - Oklahoma City bombing - Netflix

The Oklahoma City bombing was a domestic terrorist truck bombing on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States on April 19, 1995. Perpetrated by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, the bombing killed at least 168 people, injured more than 680 others, and destroyed one-third of the building. The blast destroyed or damaged 324 other buildings within a 16-block radius, shattered glass in 258 nearby buildings, and destroyed or burned 86 cars, causing an estimated $652 million worth of damage. Extensive rescue efforts were undertaken by local, state, federal, and worldwide agencies in the wake of the bombing, and substantial donations were received from across the country. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) activated 11 of its Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces, consisting of 665 rescue workers who assisted in rescue and recovery operations. Until the September 11 attacks in 2001, the Oklahoma City bombing was the deadliest terrorist attack on American soil and remains the deadliest incident of domestic terrorism in United States history. Within 90 minutes of the explosion, McVeigh was stopped by Oklahoma Highway Patrolman Charlie Hanger for driving without a license plate and arrested for illegal weapons possession. Forensic evidence quickly linked McVeigh and Nichols to the attack; Nichols was arrested, and within days, both were charged. Michael and Lori Fortier were later identified as accomplices. McVeigh, a veteran of the Gulf War and a U.S. militia movement sympathizer, had detonated a Ryder rental truck full of explosives parked in front of the building. His co-conspirator, Nichols, had assisted with the bomb's preparation. Motivated by his dislike for the U.S. federal government and angry about its handling of the Ruby Ridge incident in 1992 and the Waco siege in 1993, McVeigh timed his attack to coincide with the second anniversary of the deadly fire that ended the siege at the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas. The official investigation, known as “OKBOMB”, saw FBI agents conduct 28,000 interviews, amass 3.5 short tons (3,200 kg) of evidence, and collect nearly one billion pieces of information. The bombers were tried and convicted in 1997. McVeigh was executed by lethal injection on June 11, 2001, and Nichols was sentenced to life in prison in 2004. Michael and Lori Fortier testified against McVeigh and Nichols; Michael was sentenced to 12 years in prison for failing to warn the United States government, and Lori received immunity from prosecution in exchange for her testimony. As a result of the bombing, the U.S. Congress passed the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, which tightened the standards for habeas corpus in the United States, as well as legislation designed to increase the protection around federal buildings to deter future terrorist attacks. On April 19, 2000, the Oklahoma City National Memorial was dedicated on the site of the Murrah Federal Building, commemorating the victims of the bombing. Remembrance services are held every year on April 19, at the time of the explosion.

Fortier - Building security and construction - Netflix

In the weeks following the bombing the federal government ordered that all federal buildings in all major cities be surrounded with prefabricated Jersey barriers to prevent similar attacks. As part of a longer-term plan for United States federal building security most of those temporary barriers have since been replaced with permanent and more aesthetically considerate security barriers, which are driven deep into the ground for sturdiness. Furthermore, all new federal buildings must now be constructed with truck-resistant barriers and with deep setbacks from surrounding streets to minimize their vulnerability to truck bombs. FBI buildings, for instance, must be set back 100 feet (30 m) from traffic. The total cost of improving security in federal buildings across the country in response to the bombing reached over $600 million. The Murrah Federal Building had been considered so safe that it only employed one security guard. In June 1995, the DOJ issued Vulnerability Assessment of Federal Facilities, also known as The Marshals Report, the findings of which resulted in a thorough evaluation of security at all federal buildings and a system for classifying risks at over 1,300 federal facilities owned or leased by the federal government. Federal sites were divided into five security levels ranging from Level 1 (minimum security needs) to Level 5 (maximum). The Alfred P. Murrah Building was deemed a Level 4 building. Among the 52 security improvements were physical barriers, closed-circuit television monitoring, site planning and access, hardening of building exteriors to increase blast resistance, glazing systems to reduce flying glass shards and fatalities, and structural engineering design to prevent progressive collapse. The attack led to engineering improvements allowing buildings to better withstand tremendous forces, improvements which were incorporated into the design of Oklahoma City's new federal building. The National Geographic Channel documentary series Seconds From Disaster suggested that the Murrah Federal Building would probably have survived the blast had it been built according to California's earthquake design codes.

Fortier - References - Netflix

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Juste un regard - Netflix

What if your whole life was just a lie? If the man you married fifteen years ago wasn't who you thought he was? For Eva Beaufils, it took just one look at an old photo to turn her whole world upside down. Suddenly, her husband Bastien disappears. Eva has only one thing left in mind: find him at all costs. Even if it reawakens old wounds and puts their children at risk, Eva knows that this is the only search that can give her the answer... Can love overcome distrust?

Juste un regard - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: To Be Determined

Runtime: 60 minutes

Premier: 2017-06-02

Juste un regard - Arthur Jugnot - Netflix

Arthur Jugnot (born 2 December 1980) is a French actor and stage director.

Juste un regard - Theatre - Netflix

Juste un regard - References - Netflix

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Burkland - Netflix

During their honeymoon, Julia and Jack stopped in a diner along the road. Since then, they have never been seen again. Burkland, it is a small village today abandoned. To understand what happened, we must look at the images of a smartphone found on the spot, that of Julia. Lou, a determined young journalist is in possession of these images and is determined to investigate the mystery of Burkland!

Burkland - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 7 minutes

Premier: 2016-04-07

Burkland - Texas Chainsaw House - Netflix

The Texas Chainsaw House is located in Kingsland, Texas, on the grounds of The Antlers Hotel. This 1900s Victorian house was featured prominently in the 1974 film The Texas Chain Saw Massacre as the home of Leatherface and his cannibalistic family, before it was moved to this location from Williamson County in 1998. The then-dilapidated farm house originally sat on Quick Hill Road during the July-August 1973 filming of the movie, then sat vacant and deteriorating. The original site is where La Frontera is now located, in Round Rock. Location of The Texas Chain Saw Massacre farmhouse at Quick Hill – 30.480277°N 97.692522°W / 30.480277; -97.692522 (Site of 'The Texas Chain Saw Massacre' farmhouse at Quick Hill) In 1998, the house was cut into six pieces in order to be moved, then reassembled and restored to its original condition by master carpenter Anthony Mayfield on behalf of an investor couple in Austin, Texas. The house was a “pattern book” house, ordered from a catalog and assembled on site from a package of materials brought by wagon from a local lumber company. Research indicates it was likely built between 1908 and 1910.

Burkland - Identical twins - Netflix

A densely overgrown identical twin of the house was later found at La Frontera as well, and it too was cut into pieces and moved, but to nearby Georgetown and restored. It is known locally as the Burkland-Frisk house as it was built by an early settler in Williamson County, Leonard Frisk, and was later owned by Tony Burkland, a relative of the Frisk family. The house originally set across the street from the Chainsaw house, on Quick Hill Road. But it was later moved to another location within La Frontera and was not originally recognized as a twin because of the dilapidated condition of the house and it being completely overgrown with plants and trees. It was moved in 2006 and restored by the developers of La Frontera, Don Martin and Bill Smalling (1953–2008). It sits on San Gabriel Village Blvd prominently overlooking the South San Gabriel River and is used as an office.

Burkland - References - Netflix

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Scènes de Ménages - Netflix

Découvrez les Scènes de ménages de trois couples de générations différentes : Marion et Cédric les trentenaires, Liliane et José les quinquagénaires, Huguette et Raymond les septuagénaires. Votre couple vous désole ? Vous vous lamentez de vivre seul ? Scènes de ménages va vous aider à relativiser...\ Emma et Fabien, parents de la petite Chloé, intègrent l'aventure en cours de route, révélant un quotidien tout aussi déjanté.

Scènes de Ménages - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 5 minutes

Premier: 2017-08-28

Scènes de Ménages - Valérie Karsenti - Netflix

Valérie Karsenti (born 26 August 1968) is a French television, film, stage and voice actress. She is best known for her role as Liliane in the sitcom Scènes de ménages.

Scènes de Ménages - Biography - Netflix

Valérie Karsenti was born in Pantin in the department of Seine-Saint-Denis. She started at the age of 15 taking acting classes before joining the National School of Arts and Theater (ENSATT). She is still a student until Jean-Louis Thamin hires her to play in L'Étourdi with Roland Blanche and Jean-Pierre Lorit. After leaving the ENSATT in 1988, she later portrayed important roles in television films such as Sniper and Édouard et ses filles. Since 1990, her career started being focused in theater, playing in Camus, Sartre et les autres, Colombe with Geneviève Page and Jean-Paul Roussillon, and Accalmies passagères, which received Molière Award for best comedy show in 1997. She later played in Un fil à la patte and Un petit jeu sans conséquence, 5 Molière Awards and best private show in 2003. At that time, she appeared again on television and cinema, especially with Bertrand Blier and Lisa Azuelos. She continued playing in theatre dramas like Comme en 14, 3 Molière Awards and one for best public show in 2004, Le Prince travesti, Exit the King with Michel Bouquet, 2 Molière Awards and one for best private show in 2005, and Adultères with Pascale Arbillot. Since 2009, she plays the role of Liliane in the sitcom Scènes de ménages, broadcast every day on the channel M6. That year, she was chosen by Mabrouk El Mechri to play one of the leading roles in Maison Close, the new TV Series broadcast on Canal+.

Scènes de Ménages - References - Netflix

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Les Mondes Engloutis - Netflix

Long ago, the mystical civilization of Arkadia was one of the most advanced places on Earth, until the end of the world came and forced the land and it's people underground. After that great cataclysm, the Arkadians lived deep in the center of the Earth and created an artificial sun called the Shagma (Tiera in the American version). But one fateful day years later, the Shagma began to fade out. In a desperate act, the Children of this unusual civilization and their ship with a mind of it's own broke into to the secret museum, which was considered forbidden, except for the creatures who are in charge of it.

Les Mondes Engloutis - Netflix

Type: Animation

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 30 minutes

Premier: 1985-09-24

Les Mondes Engloutis - Spartakus and the Sun Beneath the Sea - Netflix

Spartakus and the Sun Beneath the Sea (French: Les Mondes Engloutis, “The Engulfed Worlds”) is a French animated series created by Nina Wolmark. The series consists of 52 episodes, each between 20 and 25 minutes in length, divided into two 26-episode seasons.

Les Mondes Engloutis - Name changes - Netflix

Since the names of the pirates were all based on puns, these were changed in every version to names that fit the languages to which they were translated. The English version had a large number of name changes. Since the word shag found in most of the characters and terms associated with Arkadia (e.g. Shagshag, Shagmir, the Shagma, etc.) has a meaning in British slang of sexual intercourse, new names were invented for these. For similar reasons, the pirate Seskapil's name was changed to Sleazeappeal. In the English version, Rebecca's brother Bob was renamed to Matt. The reason behind this change is unknown. The MacGuffin magical metal was called orichalcum (orichalque) in the original version, but “auracite” in the English version. The songs were translated and re-sung by the voice actors in each version. In the U.S. and Latin-American versions, a new theme song was featured in the second season. The new song was performed by the boy band Menudo in English for the U.S. version and in Spanish for the Latin-American version. Cypriot singer Anna Vissi performed the theme song of the Greek version. When the Hungarian version was rebroadcast on television in 2005, Minimax used the original dub from the archives of Magyar Televízió. As of January 9, 2010, this same channel premiered the second season, dubbed in 2009. While the first season was translated from the original French, the second season uses English titles and source script, which produced certain changes in translations of certain names of characters and concepts from the show.

Les Mondes Engloutis - References - Netflix

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Guyane - Netflix

Vincent Ogier, a twenty years old Parisian geology student, landed in Guyana for an internship at a gold mining company: Cayenor.

An immoderate taste for danger will push Vincent to associate with the "godfather of gold" Antoine Serra, who reigns over the village of Saint Elias. Vincent believes he has found a mythical gold mine: a mine abandoned for 120 years, named "Sarah Bernhardt"... Serra has the skills required to operate it. Seemingly paternal and friendly, Serra accepts and embarks Vincent in the depths of the Guyanese jungle...

Within a few weeks, Vincent will pass from the status of intern to that of adventurer.

Guyane - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 52 minutes

Premier: 2017-01-23

Guyane - French Guiana - Netflix

French Guiana (pronounced or , French: Guyane; French pronunciation: ​[ɡɥijan fʁɑ̃sɛz]), officially called Guiana (French: Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas. It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west. Since 1981, when Belize became independent, French Guiana has been the only territory of the mainland Americas that is still part of a European country. With a land area of 83,534 km2 (32,253 sq mi), French Guiana is the second-largest region of France and the largest outermost region within the European Union. It has a very low population density of only 3.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (8.8/sq mi), with half of its 281,612 inhabitants in 2018 living in the metropolitan area of Cayenne, its capital. Both the region and the department have been ruled since December 2015 by a single assembly within the framework of a new territorial collectivity, the French Guiana Territorial Collectivity (French: collectivité territoriale de Guyane). This assembly, the French Guiana Assembly (French: assemblée de Guyane), has replaced the former regional council and departmental council, which were both disbanded. The French Guiana Assembly is in charge of regional and departmental government. Its president is Rodolphe Alexandre. The territory was originally inhabited by Native Americans. The first French establishment is recorded in 1503, but the French presence did not become durable until the foundation of Cayenne in 1643. Guiana then became a slave colony and saw its population increase until the official abolition of slavery at the time of the French Revolution. Guiana temporarily became a French department in 1797 but was gradually transformed into a penal colony with the establishment of a network of camps and penitentiaries spread over the coast where prisoners were sentenced to forced labor. During World War II, Guianan Félix Éboué was one of the first to stand behind General de Gaulle as early as June 18, 1940. Guiana officially rallied Free France in 1943. It abandoned its status as a colony and once again became a French department in 1946. De Gaulle, who became president, decided to establish the Guiana Space Centre in 1965. It is now operated by the CNES, Arianespace and the European Space Agency (ESA). Several thousand Hmong refugees from Laos migrated to French Guiana in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Nowadays fully integrated in the French central state, Guiana is a part of the European Union, and its official currency is the euro. The region is the most prosperous territory in South America with the highest nominal GDP per capita. A large part of Guiana's economy derives from the presence of the Guiana Space Centre, now the European Space Agency's primary launch site near the equator. As elsewhere in France, the official language is French, but each ethnic community has its own language, of which Guianan Creole is the most widely spoken.

Guyane - Main settlements - Netflix

Population figures are those recorded in the 2015 census. Cayenne: 57,614 inhabitants in the commune; 114,017 inhabitants in the urban area (which includes the communes of Cayenne, Matoury, and Remire-Montjoly); 131,922 in the metropolitan area (which additionally includes the communes of Macouria, Montsinéry-Tonnegrande, and Roura) Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni: 43,600 Kourou: 26,221 Maripasoula: 11,856 Mana: 10,241 Apatou: 8,431 Papaïchton: 7,266 Grand-Santi: 6,969 Saint-Georges: 4,020

Guyane - References - Netflix

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Chef's Table France - Netflix

On Chef's Table France sample the bold new flavors of France with chefs who are pushing the boundaries of fine dining and reinventing a rich culinary tradition.

Chef's Table France - Netflix

Type: Documentary

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 60 minutes

Premier: 2016-09-02

Chef's Table France - Éric Ripert - Netflix

Éric Frak Ripert (French: [ʁipɛʁ]; born 2 March 1965) is a French chef, author and television personality specializing in modern French cuisine and noted for his work with seafood. Ripert's flagship restaurant, Le Bernardin, located in New York City, has been ranked among the best restaurants in the world by culinary magazines and currently ranks No.17 on the annual list of “The World's 50 Best Restaurants”. It holds the maximum ratings of four stars from The New York Times and three stars from the Michelin Guide.

Chef's Table France - Biography - Netflix

Éric Ripert was born in France and learned to cook at a young age from his mother. When he was young, his family moved to Andorra, where he was raised. He later returned to France and attended a culinary school in Perpignan.

Chef's Table France - References - Netflix

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La Bouse - Netflix

Eric, Nono and François, three brothers, inherit one of the most beautiful farms in the Morvan. Once in command, they turn out to be the worst farmers in the history of the French peasantry. With them, nothing grows, and the animals lose sight. In order not to end up on the straw and be ashamed of French agriculture, the three brothers decided to use all legal and illegal means to increase production and thus outdo their neighbor, Pauline Leroy, a young agricultural engineer specializing in Organic Agriculture.

La Bouse - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 25 minutes

Premier: 2017-08-03

La Bouse - OCS (television) - Netflix

OCS, or previously known as Orange Cinéma Séries, is a French group of dedicated movies/series TV channels operated by Orange S.A.. The channels broadcasts almost all their series in English with French subtitles (a few days after the American broadcasting) but their also broadcasts series dubbed in French or French series. The five channels launched on November 13, 2008 as part of the company's new direct-to-home satellite service and was exclusive to the Orange TV. Since 2012, OCS TV package is available from Bouygues Telecom, CanalSat, Numericable, Orange TV, SFR and Tahiti Nui Satellite. All subscribers have the option to subscribe to OCS with their TV distributor. OCS is also available through multi device.

La Bouse - Defunct TV channels - Netflix

La Bouse - References - Netflix

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Apocalypse: World War One - Netflix

In the trenches, In the heads of Soldier, Governors and through the lives of Civilians behind the line, discover one of the most devastating conflicts of humanity.

Apocalypse: World War One - Netflix

Type: Documentary

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 50 minutes

Premier: 2014-03-18

Apocalypse: World War One - List of dates predicted for apocalyptic events - Netflix

Predictions of apocalyptic events that would result in the extinction of humanity, a collapse of civilization, or the destruction of the planet have been made since at least the beginning of the Common Era. Most predictions are related to Abrahamic religions, often standing for or similar to the eschatological events described in their scriptures. Christian predictions typically refer to events like the Rapture, Great Tribulation, Last Judgment, and the Second Coming of Christ. End-time events are usually predicted to occur within the lifetime of the person making the prediction, and are usually made using the Bible, and in particular the New Testament, as either the primary or exclusive source for the predictions. Often this takes the form of mathematical calculations, such as trying to calculate the point where it will have been 6000 years since the supposed creation of the Earth by the Abrahamic God, which according to the Talmud marks the deadline for the Messiah to appear. Predictions of the end from natural events have also been theorised by various scientists and scientific groups. While these predictions are generally accepted as plausible within the scientific community, the events and phenomena are not expected to occur for hundreds of thousands or even billions of years from now. Little research has been done into why people make apocalyptic predictions. Historically, it has been done for reasons such as diverting attention from actual crises like poverty and war, pushing political agendas, and promoting hatred of certain groups; antisemitism was a popular theme of Christian apocalyptic predictions in medieval times, while French and Lutheran depictions of the apocalypse were known to feature English and Catholic antagonists respectively. According to psychologists, possible explanations for why people believe in modern apocalyptic predictions include mentally reducing the actual danger in the world to a single and definable source, an innate human fascination with fear, personality traits of paranoia and powerlessness and a modern romanticism involved with end-times due to its portrayal in contemporary fiction. The prevalence of Abrahamic religions throughout modern history is said to have created a culture which encourages the embracement of a future that will be drastically different from the present. Such a culture is credited with the rise in popularity of predictions that are more secular in nature, such as the 2012 phenomenon, while maintaining the centuries-old theme that a powerful force will bring the end of humanity. Polls conducted in 2012 across 20 countries found over 14% of people believe the world will end in their lifetime, with percentages raging from 6% of people in France to 22% in the US and Turkey. Belief in the apocalypse is most prevalent in people with lower rates of education, lower household incomes, and those under the age of 35. In the UK in 2015, 23% of the general public believed the apocalypse was likely to occur in their lifetime, compared to 10% of experts from the Global Challenges Foundation. The general public believed the likeliest cause would be nuclear war, while experts thought it would be artificial intelligence. Only 3% of Britons thought the end would be caused by the Last Judgement, compared to 16% of Americans. Between one and three percent of people from both countries thought the apocalypse would be caused by zombies or alien invasion.

Apocalypse: World War One - Past predictions - Netflix

Apocalypse: World War One - References - Netflix

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Saban's Adventures of Oliver Twist - Netflix

The story is about a little dog named Oliver Twist, whose mother lost him at the station when he was a puppy. Oliver wants to find new friends, adventures and his mother. But his path will not be easy, but fun and adventure will be a lot!

Saban's Adventures of Oliver Twist - Netflix

Type: Animation

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 25 minutes

Premier: 1996-02-01

Saban's Adventures of Oliver Twist - Oliver Twist (character) - Netflix

Oliver Twist is the title character and protagonist of the novel Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens. He was the first child protagonist in an English novel.

Saban's Adventures of Oliver Twist - Disney adaptations - Netflix

In Disney's 1988 animated film Oliver & Company, Oliver is portrayed as a ginger orange Tabby kitten who wants a home and is set in New York City instead of London. He joins Fagin's gang of dogs before being taken in and adopted by Jenny. He is voiced by Joey Lawrence. Disney's live-action television film, Oliver Twist was released in 1997. Oliver was played by Alex Trench. In October 2016 it was announced that the studio would be making a feature-length live-action musical film adaptation of the story. Ice Cube is set to star as Fagin, and will also served as co-writer with Jeff Kwatinetz. The two will serve as co-producers, with Marc Platt of Wicked fame, as well. Thomas Kail, Director of Tony Award-winning musical Hamilton was announced as the film's director.

Saban's Adventures of Oliver Twist - References - Netflix

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La vengeance aux yeux clairs - Netflix

Ten years after surviving a car accident in which her mother and brother where murdered, Olivia, returns to the French Riviera with a new identity and a single purpose: Justice.

La vengeance aux yeux clairs - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: To Be Determined

Runtime: 45 minutes

Premier: 2016-09-08

La vengeance aux yeux clairs - History of French animation - Netflix

The history of French animation is one of the longest in the world, as France has created some of the earliest animated films dating back to the late 19th century, and invented many of the foundational technologies of early animation. The first pictured movie was from Frenchman Émile Reynaud, who created the praxinoscope, an advanced successor to the zoetrope that could project animated films up to 16 frames long, and films of about 500~600 pictures, projected on its own Théâtre Optique at Musée Grévin in Paris, France, on 28 October 1892. Émile Cohl (1857–1938) created what is most likely the first real animated cartoon to be drawn on paper, Fantasmagorie in 1908.

La vengeance aux yeux clairs - Films from the 1930s to the 1960s - Netflix

1937 : Le Roman by Renard - by Ladislas Starevitch - (France/Germany) 1949 : Alice au pays des merveilles - by Lou Bunin - (UK/France) 1950 : Jeannot l'intrépide - by Jean Image 1952 : La Bergère and le ramoneur - by Paul Grimault 1953 : Bonjour Paris ! - by Jean Image 1956 : La Création du monde (Stvorení sveta) - (France/Tchécoslovaquie) 1956 : Une fée... pas comme les autres - (Italy/France) 1965 : La Demoiselle and le Violoncelliste - by Jean-François Laguionie 1967 : Astérix le Gaulois - (France/Belgium) 1967 : Le Théâtre by Monsieur and Madame Kabal - by Walerian Borowczyk 1968 : Astérix and Cléopâtre 1969 : Aladin and la lampe merveilleuse - by Jean Image 1969 : Tintin and le temple du soleil - (France/Belgium/Switzerland)

La vengeance aux yeux clairs - References - Netflix

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Tu mourras moins bête - Netflix

Tu mourras moins bête (You Will Die Less Stupid) is the adaptation of the famous comic blog of scientific popularization of Marion Montaigne. In this series Professor Mustache and his assistant Nathanaël demystify science in cinema and everyday life. If you've always dreamed of wielding the lightsaber or shrinking your kids, Professor Mustache and his team are there for you!

Tu mourras moins bête - Netflix

Type: Animation

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 3 minutes

Premier: 2015-08-23

Tu mourras moins bête - List of webcomics in print - Netflix

Though webcomics are typically published primarily on the World Wide Web, some webcartoonists may get publishing deals in which comic books are created of their work. Sometimes, these books are published by mainstream comics publishers who are traditionally aimed at the direct market of regional comic books. Some webcartoonists may pursue print syndication in established newspapers or magazines. In other cases, webcomic creators decide to self-publish their work. Crowdfunding through Kickstarter is often used in order to fund such projects.

Tu mourras moins bête - Publication of webcomics - Netflix

Though mainstream comic book publishers have typically been wary of licensing webcomics and adapting them into a print format, the rise of webcomics in the 2000s coincided with an American boom in graphic novels. Anna Baddeley, writing for The Guardian, stated that the established fanbase many webcomics have could give publishers a chance to attract new audiences to the print format, making webcomics an attractive focus for publishers. The traditional audience base for webcomics and print comics are vastly different, and webcomic readers do not necessarily go to bookstores. For some webcartoonists, a print release may be considered the “goal” of a webcomic series, while for others, comic books are “just another way to get the content out.” Caitlin Rosberg, writing for Paste Magazine, noted that “digital-first” comics, as found on platforms such as ComiXology, Marvel Unlimited and DC Comics' Digital First, share more aspects with printed comics than with webcomics. With the exception of two-page spreads and the occasional large-panel layout, the formatting of such digital comics are indistinguishable from their print counterparts. “Digital-first” comics can almost seamlessly transition from screen to print, as they are designed with this leap in platform in mind. Rosberg claimed that such comics are not webcomics, as webcomics are designed for consumption only on the World Wide Web, often using infinite canvas techniques or uncommon page formats. Similarly, Lauren Davis wrote for Comics Alliance that “webcomics are not print comics that happen to appear on the web. They're a distinct animal, offer a distinct reading experience, and should be evaluated accordingly.” Webcomics have been seen by some artists as a potential new path towards syndication in newspapers, but attempts have rarely proven lucrative. According to Jeph Jacques (Questionable Content), “there's no real money” in syndication for webcomic artists. For instance Jeffrey Rowland uploaded his webcomics to the internet in order to gain constructive criticism after being rejected from various syndicates in 1999, but eventually found that he didn't need to get his work syndicated when he started selling merchandise of his webcomic Wigu. To The Boston Globe, Rowland said that “if a syndicate came to me and offered me a hundred newspapers, I would probably say no ... I'd probably make less money, with more work.” When Diesel Sweeties found syndication by United Media in 2007, its creator Richard Stevens still made 80% of his income through his website. Other webcomic creators, such as R. K. Milholland (Something Positive) and Michael Terracciano (Dominic Deegan), wouldn't be able to syndicate their work in newspaper because they fill up a specific niche and wouldn't be accepted by a broader audience. Some webcartoonists have proven more successful with newspaper syndication since: in 2015, Dana Simpson syndicated her webcomic Phoebe and Her Unicorn through Universal Uclick to over 100 newspapers. Many authors opt to self-publish their webcomic in print. In order to do so, many comic artists may use the crowdfunding service Kickstarter, which successfully funded 994 comic and graphic novel projects in 2015.

Tu mourras moins bête - References - Netflix

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Accusé - Netflix

Accusé - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 52 minutes

Premier: None

Accusé - Lil Peep - Netflix

Gustav Elijah Åhr (November 1, 1996 – November 15, 2017), known professionally as Lil Peep, was an American rapper, singer, and songwriter. He was known for being part of a “post-emo revival style of hip-hop”. Åhr died on November 15, 2017, from what is believed to have been an accidental fentanyl-Xanax overdose.

Accusé - Posthumous releases - Netflix

Following Åhr's death, the single “Awful Things” from Come Over When You're Sober, Part One charted, becoming his first and only entry on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 79. Due to Peep's prolific work rate, a number of songs and projects were completed prior to his death. The first official posthumous release arrived within twenty-four hours of his death as videographer Wiggy released the official video for “Sixteen Lines”. On January 12, 2018, Marshmello officially released a collaboration entitled “Spotlight”. The subsequent video for “Spotlight” was released on February 12, 2018. On January 15, 2018, Juicy J officially released “Got 'Em Like”, which featured Lil Peep and Wiz Khalifa. On January 27, 2018, SoundCloud rapper Teddy released a song collaboration with Lil Peep entitled “Dreams & Nightmares”. In March 2018, Peep's archive was acquired by Columbia Records. A collaboration with rapper iLoveMakonnen titled “Sunlight on Your Skin” is expected to be released on Makonnen's label Warner Bros. On May 13, 2018, a posthumous single, “4 Gold Chains”, featuring Clams Casino, was released on Apple Music, iTunes, SoundCloud, Spotify and Tidal, including a music video, which was released on YouTube and Apple Music. In early June, a previously unreleased song from Lil Peep entitled “Sex With My Ex” was leaked onto YouTube unauthorized. On June 14th, the song's studio mastered version was released onto streaming services as a single (following the rough version of the songs leak). Quickly following this, the song was removed from the streaming services.

Accusé - References - Netflix

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Signé Chanel - Netflix

From Karl Lagerfeld's first sketches, through the daily grind of the workshop, and into the hands of the client, this documentary follows the incredible journey of an haute couture collection, taking the viewer behind the scenes of this legendary atelier on the Rue Cambon.

A world of supremely skilled artisans, of the premier Atelier, models, customers, Monsieur Massaro the bootmaker, embroiders from the house of Lesage and the imitable Queen of Braid, Madame Pouzieux.

A rare and intmate depiction of this hidden world, this elusive and mysterious place where ancient craft, human comedy and utter secrecy converge, and all at the very moment this mythical house conceives its fantasy.

Signé Chanel - Netflix

Type: Reality

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 30 minutes

Premier: 2005-09-26

Signé Chanel - List of rose cultivars named after people - Netflix

Among the individuals or fictional characters who have had rose cultivars named after them are the following:

Signé Chanel - See also - Netflix

Lists of cultivars Rose List of Rosa species Garden roses List of rose cultivars named after people Rose garden Rose trial grounds

Rose show

Signé Chanel - References - Netflix

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X Femmes - Netflix

X Femmes is a French television series of short films shown on Canal+ in 2008-2009. They were shot by female directors with the goal of producing erotica from a female point of view.

X Femmes - Netflix

Type: Variety

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 105 minutes

Premier: 2008-10-26

X Femmes - List of roles and awards of Mélanie Laurent - Netflix

Mélanie Laurent is a French actress, singer, screenwriter and director. She initially rose to prominence for her performance in the 2006 French drama film Don't Worry, I'm Fine for which she later won the César Award for Most Promising Actress and the Prix Romy Schneider. Laurent further became known to international audiences for her starring role as Shosanna Dreyfus in Quentin Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds (2009), for which she won the Online Film Critics Society and the Austin Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress. She went on star in commercially successful Hollywood films including, the comedy drama Beginners (2011), and the caper film Now You See Me (2013), with the former earning her a nomination at the San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress. Laurent's notable works include Dikkenek (2006), a Franco-Belgian comedy film for which she won Étoiles d'Or for Best Female Newcomer, French war film Days of Glory (2006), Cédric Klapisch's Paris (2008) with an ensemble cast, The Round Up (2010), a French movie depicting the true story of a Jewish boy amidst the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup, comedy drama Et soudain, tout le monde me manque (2011) which won her the Best Actress Award at the Newport Beach Film Festival , French-American nature documentary Wings of Life (2011) serving as narrator, Night Train to Lisbon (2013), Canadian-Spanish psycho thriller Enemy (2013; an adaptation of José Saramago's novel The Double), and drama film Aloft (2014). In addition she has acted in numerous other French movies receiving accolades including the Étoiles d'or du cinéma français (Gold Star of French Cinema). In her first theater appearance Laurent teamed up with French theatre director Nicolas Bedos and shared the stage with actor Jérôme Kircher in 2010 for Promenade de santé. Apart from her acting career, she has also directed several French movies including short-films for X Femmes, a television series, and Respire, an adaptation of Anne-Sophie Brasme's novel of the same name that screened in the International Critics' Week section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival. The latter won the Stockholm International Film Festival - Bronze Horse for Best Film. Laurent also directed the documentary film Demain, which won the César Award for Best Documentary Film and was also nominated for the Lumières Award for Best Documentary.

X Femmes - Theatre - Netflix

Promenade de santé by Nicolas Bedos (2010)

X Femmes - References - Netflix

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Time Jam: Valerian & Laureline - Netflix

Based on a French comic book set in a somewhat utopian future where time travel is possible, the show follows two futuristic spatio-temporal French special agents who protect time and space from time travel-related paradoxes.

Valerian comes from the year 2417 and meets Laureline in the year 912. Valerian takes Laureline back to his own time that results in Earth disappearing from the solar system. The couple settle in the galactic capital Point Central and realize they are possibly the only humans left. They begin a new life as space mercenaries and adventurers, exploring the new space-time continuum while at the same time attempting to rediscover the Earth.

Time Jam: Valerian & Laureline - Netflix

Type: Animation

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 25 minutes

Premier: 2007-10-20

Time Jam: Valerian & Laureline - Toshiyuki Kubooka - Netflix

Toshiyuki Kubooka (窪岡俊之) is a Japanese animator, character designer, and illustrator. He is particularly known for his work on the Giant Robo OVA series, as well as his work on the Lunar series and iDOLM@STER.

Time Jam: Valerian & Laureline - Notable works - Netflix

Time Jam: Valerian & Laureline - References - Netflix

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Flander's Company - Netflix

Flander's Company - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 10 minutes

Premier: 2008-01-18

Flander's Company - Flanders and Swann - Netflix

Flanders and Swann were a British comedy duo. Actor and singer Michael Flanders (1922–1975) and composer, pianist, and lyricist Donald Swann (1923–1994) collaborated in writing and performing comic songs. They first worked together at a school revue in 1939 and eventually wrote more than a hundred comic songs together. Between 1956 and 1967, Flanders and Swann performed some of their songs, interspersed with comic monologues, in their long-running two-man revues At the Drop of a Hat and At the Drop of Another Hat, which they toured in Britain and abroad. Both revues were recorded in concert, and the duo also made several studio recordings.

Flander's Company - 45s - Netflix

1957 – “A Gnu” b/w “Misalliance”

Flander's Company - References - Netflix

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K3 - Netflix

Teen idol pop stars on a glamorous world tour full of unexpected twists and turns that build into exciting and hair-raising stories.

Sweet and cheeky, bright and breezy, with their long suffering chauffeur at the wheel, K3 never knows what's around the next bend in the road and just can't say no to an adventure!

Will they be able to save an orphanage from crooked property developers, unmask the burglars behind a big jewel theft, protect the timid lake monster from evil hunters AND get to their concert on time?! Of course they can­ K3 always triumphs with a positive attitude and a catchy Eurobeat song!

K3 - Netflix

Type: Animation

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 13 minutes

Premier: 2015-11-02

K3 - K3 (band) - Netflix

K3 is a Belgian-Dutch girl group with a Dutch repertoire, whose current line-up is composed of Hanne Verbruggen, Marthe De Pillecyn and Klaasje Meijer, mainly aimed at pre-adolescent children. The name of the group is derived from first letters of the three original members' first names: Karen Damen, Kristel Verbeke and Kathleen Aerts. Kathleen Aerts left the group in 2009. Josje Huisman was chosen as K3's new member on October 3, 2009. Their music is produced by production company Studio 100 and is written by Miguel Wiels, Alain Vande Putte and Peter Gillis. K3 was founded by Niels William. The band became famous without any airplay from the regular music television channels like MTV, instead marketing directly to children via children- and cartoon-channels. Their signature is that the girls in the group all three mostly wear the same outfit. The band is mostly known as one of Europe's biggest acts and longest running girl band and they are famous for their poppy-happy songs and K3 dances.

K3 - Filmography - Netflix

The members of K3 have also starred in several theatrical films and TV-specials. They usually portray fictional versions of themselves, having all kind of adventures (some magical, some more normal). In 2004 they released their first theatrical film: K3 en het Magische Medaillon (K3 and the magic medallion). The film premiered on 29 September 2004 and received favourable reviews. In the film Dutch television celebrity Paul de Leeuw played the stark raving mad genie. In 2006 the second theatrical film, K3 en het IJsprinsesje (K3 and the little ice princess), was released. In this fairy tale film Carry Tefsen played the witch at the pancake house, Peter Faber played the king and famous Belgian comedian Urbanus played the wizard. More than half a million people in Belgium and the Netherlands went to the cinemas to see the threesome melt the spoilt princess' frozen heart. The third theatrical film, K3 en de Kattenprins (K3 and the Catprince) had its Dutch premiere on December 20, 2007 and reached gold status (attendance in excess of 150,000 people) in two weeks time. On December 12, 2012, a fourth theatrical K3 movie was released, K3 Bengeltjes (K3 Little Dangles), in Belgian and Dutch theaters. This will be the first movie without Kathleen, Josje's predecessor. The movie in connected to their sitcom, Hallo K3! (Hello K3!), and stars some of the same actors and characters. On February 12, 2014, a fifth theatrical K3 movie was released K3 Dierenhotel (K3 Animalhotel), in Belgian and Dutch theaters. This is the second movie with Josje Huisman and also includes actors and characters from the sitcom. Recordings of their musicals and concert shows are also released on DVD.

K3 - References - Netflix

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Rantanplan - Netflix

Four paws, two ears, one wet nose, two gorgeous if gormless eyes, a tail which wags offbeat, a scent quicker than a sewing machine, a brain like a sieve, as logical as a loaf of bread, with an excessive appetite for soap? You probably know who we mean: the Mozart of misfortune, the Shakespeare of shambles, the Rembrandt of ridicule: in short, the stupidest dog in the West, adored by everyone from 7 to 77 years old: Rantanplan!

Rantanplan - Netflix

Type: Animation

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 2 minutes

Premier: 2006-09-06

Rantanplan - The Daltons (Lucky Luke) - Netflix

The Daltons are outlaws who regularly appear in the Lucky Luke comic book series. They were created by artist Morris and writer René Goscinny. They are loosely inspired by the real-life Dalton Gang, and billed as their cousins. While the original Dalton brothers are depicted as evil and successful these Daltons are depicted as less skillful and more prone to fighting between the siblings. All four Daltons are depicted as identical except for in height, with the oldest brother Joe being the shortest and the youngest brother Averell being the tallest. Their storylines often begin with the gang escaping from prison, followed around by prison dog Rantanplan as they try to carry out whatever plans Joe Dalton, or their mother Ma Dalton, has in mind. Usually the gang ends up back in jail at the end of the story as Lucky Luke rides off into the sunset. The characters have appeared both in the comic book version of Lucky Luke as well as the animated series and were also part of the spinoff series Rantanplan and starred in their own short story animated show that made its debut in 2010.

Rantanplan - William and Jack Dalton - Netflix

William Dalton and Jack Dalton are the middle brothers who have somewhat colorless personalities and mostly act as a buffer between Joe and Averell, calming down the former and shutting up the latter. They often repeat the same sentence: “Calm down, Joe”, “Joe, calm down”. In their first appearance, Jack was a trigger-happy arms maniac and William a master of disguise, but those character traits weren't kept in the subsequent albums. William is usually the shorter of the two, but continuity mistakes sometimes switched them around: in Dalton City for instance, William is the taller of the two. In “To each on their own” William goes out and becomes the boss of an illegal gambling hole while Jack becomes a corrupt politician. In both cases when Lucky Luke arrives with warrants for their arrest he finds that both brothers have used their new found status to get legal impunity.

Rantanplan - References - Netflix

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Les enfants de la télé - Netflix

Les enfants de la télé (Children of TV) brings together personalities from the French-speaking world each week to reveal their good and bad moves, but especially to celebrate them with extracts from TV, film and web archives. On this lively plateau, this typical Quebecois cooking party, both glamorous and convivial, sometimes touches the canning (while passing by the nostalgia), and often provokes collective laughter.

Les enfants de la télé - Netflix

Type: Talk Show

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 40 minutes

Premier: 2010-09-15

Les enfants de la télé - Élie Semoun - Netflix

Élie Semoun (born Élie Semhoun on 16 October 1963) is a French comedian, actor, director, writer and singer of Moroccan origin.

Les enfants de la télé - Animated Films - Netflix

1992: Old School: French voice of Mitchell Whitfield 1995: Pocahontas: French voice of Wiggins 2002: Pollux, le manège enchanté directed by Dave Borthwick: voice of Zébulon 2002: Ice Age directed by Chris Wedge: French voice of Sid 2002: Gouille et Gar by Gamer (short film): voice of Gouille 2005: Robots of Chris Wedge: French voice of Fender 2006: Ice Age: The Meltdown directed by Carlos Saldanha: French voice of Sid 2006: Charlotte's Web directed by Gary Winick: French voice of Rat Templeton 2009: Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs: French voice of Sid 2010: A Turtle's Tale: Sammy's Adventures: French voice of adult Ray 2010: Allez raconte ! directed by Jean-Christophe Roger: Éric 2011: Animals United: French voice of Billy the Meerkat 2011: Émilie Jolie directed by Francis Nielsen and Philippe Chatel: voices of Belzébuth and Prince Charming 2012: Ice Age: Continental Drift : French voice of Sid 2012: Sammy's Great Escape directed by Ben Stassen : French voice of adult Ray 2014: The Mansions of the Gods directed by Alexandre Astier : voice of the chief of the Roman cohort

Les enfants de la télé - References - Netflix

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Taxi 0-22 - Netflix

Taxi 0-22 is a Canadian television comedy series. The series stars Patrick Huard as Montreal cab driver Rogatien Dubois Jr. The first season is predominantly set inside Dubois's dark blue taxi, a Ford Crown Victoria, and the comedy unfolds through his interactions – usually opinionated and deeply held – with the guest stars and other passengers who ride in his cab. Season two expanded the show's narrative to focus more on stories and characters outside of his taxi. Dubois speaks a thickly accented and rapidly delivered Quebec slang.

Taxi 0-22 - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 30 minutes

Premier: 2007-01-25

Taxi 0-22 - Taxi 0-22 - Netflix

Taxi 0-22 is a popular Canadian television comedy series, which airs on TVA, a Quebec-based French language network in Canada. The series stars Patrick Huard as Montreal cab driver Rogatien Dubois Jr. The first season is predominantly set inside Dubois's dark blue taxi, a Ford Crown Victoria, and the comedy unfolds through his interactions – usually opinionated and deeply held – with the guest stars and other passengers who ride in his cab. Season two expanded the show's narrative to focus more on stories and characters outside of his taxi. Dubois speaks a thickly accented and rapidly delivered Quebec slang. The first season of the show commenced broadcast in February 2007, the second in January 2008, and the third season began airing in January 2009. It is broadcast at 9:00 p.m. on Thursday nights. It has been reported that more than one million viewers watch the show every week. The TVA network has ordered season four to be produced, based on the success of the series. In 2008, the series won the Olivier Award for best dramatic comedy. Actor James Gandolfini was developing a pilot for an American adaptation, which will air on HBO if it is picked up as a regular series.

Taxi 0-22 - Regular characters - Netflix

Patrick Huard: Rogatien Dubois Jr. Yvon Deschamps: Rogatien's father François Arnaud: Rogatien's son Sylvie Boucher: Nancy, a server in a diner that Rogatien frequents.

Taxi 0-22 - References - Netflix

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Contacts - Netflix

The ARTE documentary series Contacts puts the pictures and working methods of the greatest photographers of the present under the microscope. In 33 individual portraits the whole range of artistic photography is covered.

Contacts - Netflix

Type: Documentary

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 15 minutes

Premier: None

Contacts - Relay - Netflix

A relay is an electrically operated switch. Many relays use an electromagnet to mechanically operate a switch, but other operating principles are also used, such as solid-state relays. Relays are used where it is necessary to control a circuit by a separate low-power signal, or where several circuits must be controlled by one signal. The first relays were used in long distance telegraph circuits as amplifiers: they repeated the signal coming in from one circuit and re-transmitted it on another circuit. Relays were used extensively in telephone exchanges and early computers to perform logical operations. A type of relay that can handle the high power required to directly control an electric motor or other loads is called a contactor. Solid-state relays control power circuits with no moving parts, instead using a semiconductor device to perform switching. Relays with calibrated operating characteristics and sometimes multiple operating coils are used to protect electrical circuits from overload or faults; in modern electric power systems these functions are performed by digital instruments still called “protective relays”. Magnetic latching relays require one pulse of coil power to move their contacts in one direction, and another, redirected pulse to move them back. Repeated pulses from the same input have no effect. Magnetic latching relays are useful in applications where interrupted power should not be able to transition the contacts. Magnetic latching relays can have either single or dual coils. On a single coil device, the relay will operate in one direction when power is applied with one polarity, and will reset when the polarity is reversed. On a dual coil device, when polarized voltage is applied to the reset coil the contacts will transition. AC controlled magnetic latch relays have single coils that employ steering diodes to differentiate between operate and reset commands.

Contacts - Force-guided contacts relay - Netflix

A 'force-guided contacts relay' has relay contacts that are mechanically linked together, so that when the relay coil is energized or de-energized, all of the linked contacts move together. If one set of contacts in the relay becomes immobilized, no other contact of the same relay will be able to move. The function of force-guided contacts is to enable the safety circuit to check the status of the relay. Force-guided contacts are also known as “positive-guided contacts”, “captive contacts”, “locked contacts”, “mechanically linked contacts”, or “safety relays”. These safety relays have to follow design rules and manufacturing rules that are defined in one main machinery standard EN 50205 : Relays with forcibly guided (mechanically linked) contacts. These rules for the safety design are the one that are defined in type B standards such as EN 13849-2 as Basic safety principles and Well-tried safety principles for machinery that applies to all machines. Force-guided contacts by themselves can not guarantee that all contacts are in the same state, however they do guarantee, subject to no gross mechanical fault, that no contacts are in opposite states. Otherwise, a relay with several normally open (NO) contacts may stick when energised, with some contacts closed and others still slightly open, due to mechanical tolerances. Similarly, a relay with several normally closed (NC) contacts may stick to the unenergised position, so that when energised, the circuit through one set of contacts is broken, with a marginal gap, while the other remains closed. By introducing both NO and NC contacts, or more commonly, changeover contacts, on the same relay, it then becomes possible to guarantee that if any NC contact is closed, all NO contacts are open, and conversely, if any NO contact is closed, all NC contacts are open. It is not possible to reliably ensure that any particular contact is closed, except by potentially intrusive and safety-degrading sensing of its circuit conditions, however in safety systems it is usually the NO state that is most important, and as explained above, this is reliably verifiable by detecting the closure of a contact of opposite sense. Force-guided contact relays are made with different main contact sets, either NO, NC or changeover, and one or more auxiliary contact sets, often of reduced current or voltage rating, used for the monitoring system. Contacts may be all NO, all NC, changeover, or a mixture of these, for the monitoring contacts, so that the safety system designer can select the correct configuration for the particular application. Safety relays are used as part of an engineered safety system.

Contacts - References - Netflix

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Les Rois Maudits - Netflix

Set during the reigns of the last five kings of the Capetian dynasty and the first two kings of the House of Valois, the series begins as the French King Philip the Fair, already surrounded by scandal and intrigue, brings a curse upon his family when he persecutes the Knights Templar. The succession of monarchs that follows leads France and England to the Hundred Years' War.

Les Rois Maudits - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 105 minutes

Premier: 1972-12-21

Les Rois Maudits - Robert III of Artois - Netflix

Robert III of Artois (1287–1342) was Lord of Conches-en-Ouche, of Domfront, and of Mehun-sur-Yèvre, and in 1309 he received as appanage the county of Beaumont-le-Roger in restitution for the County of Artois, which he claimed. He was also briefly Earl of Richmond in 1341 after the death of John III, Duke of Brittany.

Les Rois Maudits - In fiction - Netflix

Robert III of Artois is a major character in Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings), a series of French historical novels by Maurice Druon in which many of these events are retold. He was played by Jean Piat in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series, and by Philippe Torreton in the 2005 adaptation.

Les Rois Maudits - References - Netflix

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H - Netflix

The lives of the carelessly incompetent medical team at a hospital in the Parisian suburbs explode in surreal humour as they go about their daily duties.

H - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 30 minutes

Premier: 1998-10-24

H - Planck constant - Netflix

The Planck constant (denoted h, also called Planck's constant) is a physical constant that is the quantum of action, central in quantum mechanics. First recognized in 1900 by Max Planck, it was conceived as the proportionality constant between the minimal increment of energy, E, of a hypothetical electrically charged oscillator in a cavity that contained black body radiation, and the frequency, f, of its associated electromagnetic wave. In 1905, the value E, the minimal energy increment of a hypothetical oscillator, was theoretically associated by Albert Einstein with a “quantum” or minimal element of the energy of the electromagnetic wave itself. The light quantum behaved in some respects as an electrically neutral particle, as opposed to an electromagnetic wave. It was eventually called a photon.

H - Fixation - Netflix

h                      90                          =                              4                                          K                                  J                  −                  90                                                  2                                                            R                                  K                  −                  90                                                                          {\displaystyle h_{90}={\frac {4}{K_{J-90}^{2}R_{K-90}}}}  

with KJ–90 and RK–90 being exactly defined constants. Atomic units and conventional electrical units are very useful in their respective fields, because the uncertainty in the final result does not depend on an uncertain conversion factor, only on the uncertainty of the measurement itself. It is currently planned to redefine certain of the SI base units in terms of fundamental physical constants. This has already been done for the metre, which since 1983 has been defined in terms of a fixed value of the speed of light. The most urgent unit on the list for redefinition is the kilogram, whose value has been fixed for all science (since 1889) by the mass of a small cylinder of platinum–iridium alloy kept in a vault just outside Paris. While nobody knows if the mass of the International Prototype Kilogram has changed since 1889 – the value 1 kg of its mass expressed in kilograms is by definition unchanged and therein lies one of the problems – it is known that over such a timescale the many similar Pt–Ir alloy cylinders kept in national laboratories around the world have changed their relative masses by several tens of parts per billion, however carefully they are stored. A change of several tens of micrograms in one kilogram is equivalent to the current uncertainty in the value of the Planck constant in SI units. The legal process to change the definition of the kilogram to one based on a fixed value of the Planck constant is already underway. The 24th and 25th General Conferences on Weights and Measures (CGPM) in 2011 and 2014 approved of the redefinition in principle, but were not satisfied with the measurement uncertainty of the Planck constant. The limits they specified were reached in 2016, and the redefinition is scheduled to occur on 16 November 2018, during the 26th CGPM. Watt balances already measure mass in terms of the Planck constant: at present, standard kilogram prototypes are taken as fixed masses and the measurement is performed to determine the Planck constant but, once the Planck constant is fixed in SI units, the same experiment would be a measurement of the mass. The relative uncertainty in the measurement would remain the same. Mass standards could also be constructed from silicon crystals or by other atom-counting methods. Such methods require a knowledge of the Avogadro constant, which fixes the proportionality between atomic mass and macroscopic mass but, with a defined value of the Planck constant, NA would be known to the same level of uncertainty (if not better) than current methods of comparing macroscopic mass.

H - References - Netflix

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Charlemagne - Netflix

Charlemagne recounts the dramatic, violent and bawdy lie of the Middle Ages' most important emperor: His life as a political strategist, a passionate lover, a man that conquered most of Europe and a cultural visionary. The mix of feature film and documentary gives a journey to the roots of European culture.

Charlemagne - Netflix

Type: Documentary

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 50 minutes

Premier: 2013-04-20

Charlemagne - Charlemagne - Netflix

Charlemagne () or Charles the Great (German: Karl der Große, Italian: Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800. He united much of western and central Europe during the early Middle Ages. He was the first recognized emperor to rule from western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state that Charlemagne founded is called the Carolingian Empire. He was later invalidly canonized by the antipope Paschal III. Charlemagne was the eldest son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, born before their canonical marriage. He became king in 768 following his father's death, initially as co-ruler with his brother Carloman I. Carloman's sudden death in December 771 under unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne as the sole ruler of the Frankish Kingdom. He continued his father's policy towards the papacy and became its protector, removing the Lombards from power in northern Italy and leading an incursion into Muslim Spain. He campaigned against the Saxons to his east, Christianizing them upon penalty of death and leading to events such as the Massacre of Verden. He reached the height of his power in 800 when he was crowned Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day at Rome's Old St. Peter's Basilica. Charlemagne has been called the “Father of Europe” (Pater Europae), as he united most of Western Europe for the first time since the classical era of the Roman Empire and united parts of Europe that had never been under Frankish rule. His rule spurred the Carolingian Renaissance, a period of energetic cultural and intellectual activity within the Western Church. All Holy Roman Emperors considered their kingdoms to be descendants of Charlemagne's empire, up to the last Emperor Francis II and the French and German monarchies. However, the Eastern Orthodox Church views Charlemagne more controversially, labelling as heterodox his support of the filioque and the Bishop of Rome's recognizing him as legitimate Roman Emperor rather than Irene of Athens of the Eastern Roman Empire. These and other machinations led to the eventual split of Rome and Constantinople in the Great Schism of 1054. Charlemagne died in 814, having ruled as emperor for 13 years. He was laid to rest in his imperial capital city of Aachen. He married at least four times and had three legitimate sons, but only his son Louis the Pious survived to succeed him.

Charlemagne - Political reforms - Netflix

Charlemagne engaged in many reforms of Frankish governance while continuing many traditional practices, such as the division of the kingdom among sons.

Charlemagne - References - Netflix

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Missions - Netflix

The first inhabited mission to Mars is approaching the red planet. On board, high-level scientists and a young psychologist supervise their mental safety. But at the moment of launching the landing, an incident occurs...

Missions - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 26 minutes

Premier: 2017-06-01

Missions - Spanish missions in California - Netflix

The Spanish missions in California comprise a series of 21 religious outposts or missions established between 1769 and 1833 in today's U.S. State of California. Founded by Catholic priests of the Franciscan order to evangelize the Native Americans, the missions led to the creation of the New Spain province of Alta California and were part of the expansion of the Spanish Empire into the most northern and western parts of Spanish North America. Following long-term secular and religious policy of Spain in Spanish America, the missionaries forced the native Californians to live in settlements called reductions, disrupting their traditional way of life. The missionaries introduced European fruits, vegetables, cattle, horses, ranching, and technology. The missions have been accused by critics, then and now, of various abuses and oppression. In the end, the missions had mixed results in their objectives: to convert, educate, and transform the natives into Spanish colonial citizens. By 1810, Spain's king had been imprisoned by the French, and financing for military payroll and missions in California ceased. In 1821, Mexico achieved independence from Spain, although Mexico did not actually send a governor to California until 1824, and only a portion of payroll was ever reinstated (ibid.). The 21,000 Mission Indians produced hide and tallow and wool and textiles at this time, and the leather products were exported to Boston, South America, and Asia which kept the colonial economy going between 1810 and 1830, but tended to give British or New England merchant captains importance. The missions began to lose control over land in the 1820s, as unpaid military men unofficially encroached, but officially missions maintained authority over native neophytes and control of land holdings until the 1830s. At the peak of its development in 1832, the coastal mission system controlled an area equal to approximately one-sixth of Alta California. The Alta California government secularized the missions after the passage of the Mexican secularization act of 1833. This divided the mission lands into land grants, in effect legitimizing and completing the transfer of Indian congregation lands to military commanders and their most loyal men; these became many of the Ranchos of California. The surviving mission buildings are the state's oldest structures and its most-visited historic monuments. They have become a symbol of California, appearing in many movies and television shows, and are an inspiration for Mission Revival architecture. The oldest cities of California formed around or near Spanish missions, including the four largest: Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, and San Francisco.

Missions - Present-day California missions - Netflix

Missions - References - Netflix

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Danse avec les stars - Netflix

Danse avec les stars - Netflix

Type: Reality

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 150 minutes

Premier: 2011-02-12

Danse avec les stars - Danse avec les stars, la tournée - Netflix

Danse avec les stars – La tournée is a dance show tour built upon the French show Danse avec les stars. The first tour had 21 shows, 20 in France and one in Belgium. The tour was announced in October 2013, during the fourth season of Danse avec les stars. Stars from different seasons of Danse avec les stars joins the tour. With the stars, there are professional dancers, who also have participated the show during its seven seasons.

Danse avec les stars - Dances 2014–2015 - Netflix

Danse avec les stars - References - Netflix

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Le secret d'Elise - Netflix

Le secret d'Elise - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 55 minutes

Premier: 2016-02-08

Le secret d'Elise - Hélène de Fougerolles - Netflix

Hélène Christine Marie Rigoine de Fougerolles (French pronunciation: ​[elɛn də fuʒʁɔl]; born 25 February 1973) is a French actress. She is the daughter of Alain Rigoine de Fougerolles and Anne Saumay de Laval. Initially planning to become a beautician, she began to study acting at the age of 15. She later attended acting classes in Paris and briefly at the Actors Studio in New York City. She made her first ever stage appearance in the title role of Occupe Toi d'Amélie at the Théâtre de la Michodière in Paris from September 2012 until May 2013. She was formerly married to Éric Hubert in 1997 and divorced in 2004. They have a daughter named Shana, born in 2003.

Le secret d'Elise - Filmography - Netflix

Le secret d'Elise - References - Netflix

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Galactic Football - Netflix

Galactic Football - Netflix

Type: Animation

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 25 minutes

Premier: 2006-06-03

Galactic Football - Scott Sigler bibliography - Netflix

The following is a complete list of books and stories published (and some unpublished) by Scott Sigler, a New York Times #1 bestselling American author of contemporary science fiction and horror. Sigler has published fourteen novels, including those in the Infected Trilogy, the Galactic Football League Series, and the Generations Trilogy. He has also co-authored four companion novellas to his Galactic Football League Series, with a few more novella projects underway. He has written nearly 50 short stories and other works, many of which have been compiled in book collections and anthologies.

Galactic Football - Collections - Netflix

All novels, novellas and collections have been released in both audiobook and e-book formats unless otherwise noted.

Galactic Football - References - Netflix

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Winnetou le mescalero - Netflix

Winnetou le mescalero - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 26 minutes

Premier: 1980-07-04

Winnetou le mescalero - Karl May film adaptations - Netflix

Karl May film adaptations are films based on stories and characters by German author Karl May (1842–1912). The characters Old Shatterhand, Winnetou, and Kara Ben Nemsi are very famous in Central Europe. In most of the film versions the novels were reworked to a great extent, some movies using only the names of characters invented by Karl May. For example, in the book Der Schatz im Silbersee (The Treasure of Silver Lake) the main character was called “Old Firehand” – in the movie he was renamed “Old Shatterhand” (played by American actor Lex Barker) after the more famous character. The movies Old Shatterhand (Apaches' Last Battle) and Winnetou and Old Firehand (Thunder at the Border) are not based on any of May's works, but were completely invented by the screenwriters. Several TV productions, such as Das Buschgespenst and Kara Ben Nemsi Effendi, were much closer to the novels. In foreign distribution, most of the movie titles were not translated directly into the target language, but new movie titles were made up. For American distribution the makers of the movie posters also invented some new color formats such as Flaming Arrow Color for the movie Der Schatz im Silbersee [1] and Apache Color [2] for Winnetou 1. Teil (called Apache Gold in America). The silent movies of the 1920s are now probably lost. For 10 movies in the 1960s, German composer Martin Böttcher wrote landmark film scores, whose success also helped the movies' international success and influenced the Italian movie industry to make Western movies of their own and create a whole new genre, the Spaghetti western (whose most successful composer Ennio Morricone came to fame just after Martin Böttcher). Michael Herbig's 2001 film Der Schuh des Manitu satirized the Karl May films of the 1960s to great commercial success in Germany.

Winnetou le mescalero - Cinema films - Netflix

(American film titles in brackets) 1. Auf den Trümmern des Paradieses (–) (On the Brink of Paradise) (1920), dir.: Josef Stein (silent film) 2. Die Todeskarawane (Caravan of Death) (1920), dir.: Josef Stein (silent) 3. Die Teufelsanbeter (The Devil Worshippers, informal) (1920), dir.: Ertugrul Moussin-Bey (silent) 4. Durch die Wüste (Across the Desert) (1936), dir.: Johannes Alexander Hübler-Kahla (first sound film) 5. Die Sklavenkarawane (–) (1958), dir.: Georg Marischka / Ramón Torrado (first color film) 6. Der Löwe von Babylon (–) (1959), dir.: Johannes Kai (= Hanns Wiedmann) / Ramón Torrado 7. Der Schatz im Silbersee (Treasure of the Silver Lake) (1962), dir.: Dr. Harald Reinl 8. Winnetou 1. Teil (Apache Gold) (1963), dir.: Dr. Harald Reinl 9. Old Shatterhand (Apaches' Last Battle) (1964), dir.: Hugo Fregonese 10. Der Schut (Yellow Devil a.k.a. The Shoot) (1964), dir.: Robert Siodmak 11. Winnetou – 2. Teil (Last of the Renegades) (1964), dir.: Dr. Harald Reinl 12. Unter Geiern (Frontier Hellcat a.k.a. Among Vultures) (1964), dir.: Alfred Vohrer 13. Der Schatz der Azteken (The Treasure of the Aztecs) (1965), dir.: Robert Siodmak 14. Die Pyramide des Sonnengottes (Pyramid of the Sun God) (1965), dir.: Robert Siodmak 15. Der Ölprinz (Rampage at Apache Wells) (1965), dir.: Harald Philipp 16. Durchs wilde Kurdistan (Wild Kurdistan a.k.a The Wild Men of Kurdistan) (1965), dir.: Franz Joseph Gottlieb 17. Winnetou – 3. Teil (The Desperado Trail) (1965), dir.: Dr. Harald Reinl 18. Old Surehand 1. Teil (Flaming Frontier) (1965), dir.: Alfred Vohrer 19. Im Reiche des silbernen Löwen (Kingdom of the Silver Lion a.k.a. Fury of the Sabers) (1965), dir.: Franz Joseph Gottlieb 20. Das Vermächtnis des Inka (Legacy of the Incas) (1965), dir.: Georg Marischka 21. Winnetou und das Halbblut Apanatschi (Winnetou and the Crossbreed) (1966), dir.: Harald Philipp 22. Winnetou und sein Freund Old Firehand (Winnetou and Old Firehand a.k.a. Thunder at the Border) (1966), dir: Alfred Vohrer 23. Winnetou und Shatterhand im Tal der Toten (The Valley of Death) (1968), dir.: Dr. Harald Reinl

Winnetou le mescalero - References - Netflix

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Irresponsable - Netflix

At 30 years of age, Julien hits rock bottom. He is forced to move back in with his mother in his hometown ...

Irresponsable - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 20 minutes

Premier: 2016-06-20

Irresponsable - Timeline of the 2014 Venezuelan protests - Netflix

The 2014 Venezuelan protests began in February 2014 when hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans protested due to high levels of criminal violence, inflation, and chronic scarcity of basic goods because of policies created the Venezuelan government. The protests have lasted for several months and events are listed below according to the month they had happened.

Irresponsable - February - Netflix

23 February – Tens of thousands of protesters both supporting and opposing the government demonstrated in Caracas which led to some of the most serious clashes seen throughout the protests. About 30 military units arrived at the residence of retired brigadier general Ángel Vivas to arrest him for “training” protestors to place barbed wire over the roads to injure government forces and pro-government protestors, resulting in one fatality in the process and many more wounded. An engineer dies after being wounded two days ago during a protest in Caracas. 24 February – Opposition and government forces clashed in San Cristóbal, Táchira. Opposition protesters barricaded themselves and threw rocks and firebombs at the National Guard. The National Guard responded with tear gas and shotgun fire. One man was injured by shotgun fire and another was killed after the National Guard shot tear gas at him causing him to fall off a roof. The governor of Tachira, José Vielma Mora criticized the government saying, “I got angry because of the military planes overflying Táchira; it was an unacceptable excess” and pointed out to residents, “I am not part of the regime; I was elected by the people of Táchira”. 25 February – Delcy Rodríguez informed that a VTV (Venezuelan Television Corporation) journalist was wounded during the protests in the Táchira state and urged the National Journalist School and the National Press Workers Syndicate to comment about the event. She also denounced that the media, both national and international, ignore the continuous attacks that the government supporters suffer, including journalists and members of the National Bolivarian Armed Forces. A moto-taxi driver dies after being shot the previous day while attempting to remove debris placed by protesters in Maracaibo, Zulia state. 26 February – Lilian Tintori, wife of Leopoldo Lopez, led a quiet protest of women students just before a government peace conference. In Táchira, a group of protesters decapitated a statue of late president Hugo Chávez and posted the pictures on Twitter. The headquarters of the political party Democratic Action in San Cristóbal is looted. Its secretary general, Miguel Reyes, accused the governor Vielma Mora of the events and denounced that the police didn't act. The Government of Venezuela held a National Peace conference that was not attended by opposition figures because according to the opposition, “any talks must be predicated on an agenda agreed upon in advance and the participation of a third party”. 27 February – Students led by Juan Requesens protested against violence, detention and torture of students and the shortages in Venezuela, with Herique Capriles visiting, but not as a spokesperson. The government issued an arrest warrant for Carlos Vecchio, a leader of Popular Will on various charges. Medics in Maracay, Aragua state, protest against the condition of the hospitals in the state. President Maduro decreed 27 February as “The Day of No Work in Venezuela” in respect for the fallen of the protests (that date was also the 25th year anniversary of the historic Caracazo of 1989). 28 February – A group of protesters ambushed a National Guard officer and attacked him. A neighbor came to defend the officer, who ran behind the automatic gates. Eventually the protesters broke into the house he was hiding at and stole his helmet and bulletproof vest.

1 February – Leopoldo Lopez called upon students to protest peacefully against the scarcity, insecurity, and shortages. 2 February – Opposition leaders call for a march on 12 February for National Youth Day. 4 February – Protests at the University of the Andes occurred due to insecurity and an attempted sexual assault of a student. 5 February – Student protests at the Universidad Alejandro de Humboldt, where the principal avenues of Caracas were blocked alleging insecurity of the students during the night shift 6 February – Students at the Catholic University of Táchira protested and were accused of attacking a residence. 7 February – Medical students in Tachira continue to protest peacefully. 8 February – Students from the University of the Andes protested outside the headquarters of SEBIN where students were being held arrested. 9 February – Women dressed in black to protest against the arrests that happened in Tachira. 11 February – Students in Táchira, Zulia, Caracas and Coro protested for the release of fellow students. 12 February – Major opposition protests began with student marches led by opposition leaders in 38 cities across Venezuela simultaneous with the national celebrations for the bicentennial year anniversary of Youth Day and the Battle of La Victoria. After the protests, smaller groups remained and threw stones at government forces. The protests turned more violent after government security forces and “colectivos” allegedly used excessive force on protesters and supposedly shot at groups of unarmed people. Bassil Da Costa was the first protestor to die after getting a bullet to the head. Later that day, another protestor, Robert Reddman, and a pro-government activist were also killed in Caracas. President Maduro blamed “fascist” groups for the deaths caused that day, including opposition leader Leopoldo López, during his closing address in the Youth Day parade that evening in La Victoria, Aragua state. The Colombian news channel NTN24 was taken off the air by CONATEL (the Venezuelan government agency appointed for the regulation, supervision and control over telecommunications) for “promoting violence and unacknowledging authorities”. 13 February – Following the death of a colectivo member Juan “Juancho” Montoya, members of colectivos "went on television to call for calm and called for the arrest of opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez. Judge Ralenys Tovar Guillén accepts the Public Ministry's petition to detain Leopoldo López in connection with the unrest that resulted in the death of the colectivo leader and two students. President Maduro organized pro-government demonstrations to counter the opposition and announced that violent anti-government protests are prohibited. Government supporters gathered outside the headquarters of the Public Ministry a day after it was attacked. Seven universities in Venezuela cancelled Youth Day programs due to the large involvement of student protesters. The governor of the Aragua state, Tarek El Aissami, denounced that opposition groups attempted to burn the governorate, attacked the Girardot Municipality town hall, burned a vehicle and wounded ten police officers the previous day. Likewise, The Minister of Ground Transport, Haiman El Troudi, denounced that the ministry headquarters were attacked during the night of the protests. According to Vielma Mora, there was an attempt to take over the electric substation Santa Teresa and destroy a sport school, and the front and a bus of the Bolivarian University of Venezuela were attacked in Táchira. In Valencia, protesters were dispersed by the National Guard in El Trigál where four students (three men and one woman) were attacked inside of a car while trying to leave the perimeter; the three men were imprisoned and one of them was allegedly sodomized by one of the officers with a rifle. 14 February – Students protested outside the Organization of American States in Venezuela asking them for action against the violence. Opposition protestors blocked the Francisco de Miranda avenue in Caracas asking for the release of students arrested on 12 February. The National Guard of Venezuela dispersed protesters with tear gas in Altamira. The Democratic Unity Roundtable and the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference (CEV) asked for the disarmament of the pro-government colectivos and armed groups The Foro Penal Venezolano (Venezuelan Penal Forum) denounced that the National Bolivarian Police (PNB) manipulated proofs about the use of firearms against protestors in Barquisimeto to avoid incrimination. 15 February – Chavistas protested at Plaza Venezuela in Caracas. A Globovisión reporter and her workmates denounced being attacked with stones in Plaza Venezuela and thanked those who were there that sympathized with her. Haiman El Troudi denounced that Caracas Metro workers were assaulted “with sticks and pipes”, and that “damage and destruction” were produced in its facilities during the protests the 12 and 14 February. He also explained that 40 Metrobús units were stoned and now inoperative, and that escalators, train glasses, cameras, signals and fire systems were damaged. CONATEL's CEO, William Castillo, justified taking NTN24 off the air basing in the article 27 of the Law of Social Responsibility in Radio, Television and Electronic Media, which prohibits incitement of hatred, and expressed that he thinks that an “abuse” of the freedom of speech is exercised. According to him, CONATEL carried out a monitoring where “90% of NTN24's programmation was dedicated to Venezuela where the 80% was biased to one side of the conflict.” 16 February – The Venezuelan Minister for Communication and Information, Delcy Rodríguez warned that the government will take legal action against international media “media manipulation”. Rodriguez claimed that the social networks and national and international media have allegedly reported fake pictures that do not correspond to Venezuela. The Minister of Interior, Justice and Peace, Miguel Rodríguez Torres, assured having evidence that "proves that the protesters in Chacao are outside of the age range of a university student, and that they use very expensive motorcycles with an attire not peculiar of a middle or popular social class student. He accused Ramón Muchacho, the mayor of the Chacao municipality, of not assuming his responsibility for the security of the municipality. Likewise, he criticized the Miranda state governor, Henrique Capriles, of not taking actions to avoid the aggressions in the sector. Henrique Capriles criticized the national government, considering them irresponsibles and affirming that “the civilians don't carry out coups”, and asking where are the proofs (of this). 17 February – Armed government intelligence personnel illegally forced their way into the headquarters of Popular Will in Caracas and held individuals that were inside at gunpoint. About 300 opposition protesters gathered outside the headquarters to protest against the infiltration of the facility and are dispersed with tear gas. The mayor of the Libertador Bolivarian Municipality, Jorge Rodríguez Gómez, declared Caracas a “peace zone free of fascism”, affirmed he hasn't received any request for an opposition march the 18 February and that until there is a request “they can release an opinion”. He affirmed that day “the permission for the cultural march to Plaza Venezuela was granted”, whose organizers actually delivered a permission request. 18 February – Leopoldo López delivered a speech in Plaza Brión where he pointed out that its necessary to build “a pacific exit, inside the constitution but in the streets” and assured that “there isn't free media anymore to express themselves and if the media stays silent they must go to the streets”. He declared that “if his imprisonment allows Venezuela to wake up definitely and for the Venezuelans that want a change, his imprisonment will be worth it.” He turned himself to the National Guard at 12:24 pm, Venezuelan time, and said he was turning himself to a “corrupt justice”. After Lopez turned himself in, the opposition protestors blocked the Francisco Fajardo Highway. Hundreds of his supporters gathered outside the Palacio de Justicia, protesting the fact that in their view Lopez will be judged by an unfair and corrupt justice system in a country where “there is no separation of powers”. The opposition protestors were attacked outside the Palacio de Justicia by armed pro-government groups who beat them, threw objects at them from the building and tried to steal their cellphones. Amnesty International said the charges appeared to be politically motivated, and called for the release of López in the absence of evidence. Human Rights Watch said “The Venezuelan government has openly embraced the classic tactics of an authoritarian regime, jailing its opponents, muzzling the media, and intimidating civil society”, saying that the Maduro government was blaming opposition leaders, including López, for violence. Some students and professors are arrested for allegedly setting fire to a PDVSA oil truck. Student protestors said they were forcibly removed by police from where they were concentrated for seven days in Maracay. Government supporters gather in Plaza Venezuela. 19 February – Miss Tourism Venezuela Génesis Carmona died after being shot in the head while supporting an opposition protest. Some protesters claim she was killed by a Chavista. Father Palmar, a Catholic priest and supporter of the protests in Zulia, Venezuela was attacked and injured by government forces during a peaceful demonstration. This happened a couple days after Father Palmar gave a speech against Maduro asking for his resignation and claiming that the Cuban G2 was responsible for influencing Maduro. The trial for Leopoldo Lopez was postponed again and moved to Ramo Verde military prison. That evening, a pro-government group known as “La Paz” was seen firing weapons at buildings without impediment from members of Bolivarian National Guard. Pro-government groups on motorcycles also attacked protesters in Sucre, Venezuela with stones and bottles with support from government security forces. After a group of citizens gathered in Caracas asking for no more deaths, groups of Chavistas and GNB responded violently shooting tear gas, buckshot, and shot a 37-year-old law student who was trying to mediate between protesters and the National Guard. 20 February – The removal of María Corina Machado's parliamentary immunity is requested in the National Assembly. The minister of Electric Energy, Jesse Chacón, denounced vandal acts to the property of the National Electric System in the Anzoátegui, Bolívar and Carabobo states. The charges of terrorism and homicide of Leopoldo López are suspended. In response to the death of Miss Tourism Venezuela Génesis Carmona, groups of women planned to defend the family of Génesis and protest her killing on 22 February. A citizen in the Mérida state dies after sustaining fatal wounds while crossing a barricade with barbed wire in a motorcycle with one of her children. 21 February – Venezuela closed its consulates in Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire after an alleged attack by a Venezuelan citizen, said Venezuelan Foreign Minister Elias Jaua. A motorcycle rider died after tripping with a guaya (steel cable) placed near a barricade. The government accused the opposition students for the event. 22 February – A student protestor, Geraldine Moreno, died in the hospital after sustaining wounds in the eye caused by shotgun pellets when a member of the National Guard shot her in the face while she was protesting in the Tazajal sector, Carabobo state.

Irresponsable - References - Netflix

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D'Artagnan - Netflix

D'Artagnan - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 255 minutes

Premier: None

D'Artagnan - The Man in the Iron Mask (1998 film) - Netflix

The Man in the Iron Mask is a 1998 American action drama film directed, produced, and written by Randall Wallace, and starring Leonardo DiCaprio in a dual role as the title character and villain, Jeremy Irons as Aramis, John Malkovich as Athos, Gerard Depardieu as Porthos, and Gabriel Byrne as D'Artagnan. The picture uses characters from Alexandre Dumas' D'Artagnan Romances and is very loosely adapted from some plot elements of The Vicomte de Bragelonne. The film centers on the aging four musketeers, Athos, Porthos, Aramis, and D'Artagnan, during the reign of King Louis XIV and attempts to explain the mystery of the Man in the Iron Mask, using a plot more closely related to the flamboyant 1929 version starring Douglas Fairbanks, The Iron Mask, and the 1939 version directed by James Whale, than to the original Dumas book. Like the 1998 version, the two aforementioned adaptations were also released through United Artists.

D'Artagnan - Historical inaccuracies - Netflix

Many historical persons and events depicted in the film are heavily fictionalized, as declared in an opening narration. A portrait of Louis XV can be seen in Louis XIV's apartments. Louis XV was the great-grandson and successor of Louis XIV. He was born in 1710, and the events of the film take place about half a century before his birth. D'Artagnan's death is inconsistent with biographic fact. The character is based on Charles de Batz-Castelmore d'Artagnan, a captain of the Musketeers of the Guard, who was killed in battle during the Siege of Maastricht (1673). Louis XIV had a real-life brother, Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, who is not depicted in the film and was not the King's twin. Louis XIV was born in 1638. Philippe I was his younger brother, born in 1640. Philippe was the founder of the House of Orléans, a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon. Set in 1662, the film portrays the king as unmarried. The historical Louis XIV married his first wife Maria Theresa of Spain in 1660. They remained married until her death in 1683. Notwithstanding the peace and prosperity alluded to at the film's conclusion, Louis XIV spent most of the remainder of his reign at war.

D'Artagnan - References - Netflix

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Le monde secret du Pere Noël - Netflix

Where does Santa Claus live, and who with? How has he adapted to modern life, in spite of his great age? What are the secrets of his wonderful life and strange powers? The series follows the adventures of Santa Claus and his elves as they prepare for Christmas and fend off the evil troll Gruzzlebeard.

Le monde secret du Pere Noël - Netflix

Type: Animation

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 25 minutes

Premier: 1997-12-10

Le monde secret du Pere Noël - Jean Yanne - Netflix

Jean Yanne, the artist name of Jean Gouyé (18 July 1933 – 23 May 2003), was a French actor, writer, film director and composer. He was born in Les Lilas, Seine-Saint-Denis and died in Morsains (Marne).

Le monde secret du Pere Noël - Filmography - Netflix

Le monde secret du Pere Noël - References - Netflix

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Unité 42 - Netflix

Unité 42 is a detective series, which carries us through the twists and turns of the Internet and emerging technologies. Modern technology allows criminals to act in the real world, all the while shielded by their computer screens. The police's Digital Unit therefore combines field investigations and virtual expeditions using a unique duo: Sam, a cop newly transferred from the homicide bureau (and not particularly tech-savvy), and Billie, a young, feisty policewoman and IT expert. They will need to collaborate, not without difficulty at first, before being able to learn from each other. For behind each case of cyber criminality, first and foremost, lies a human story to be told.

Unité 42 - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Running

Runtime: 60 minutes

Premier: 2017-11-19

Unité 42 - Avril Lavigne - Netflix

Avril Ramona Lavigne (; French: [avʁil laviɲ]; born 27 September 1984) is a Canadian singer-songwriter and actress. By the age of 15, she had appeared on stage with Shania Twain; by 16, she had signed a two-album recording contract with Arista Records worth more than $2 million. In 2002 she released her debut album, Let Go, emphasising a skate punk persona in which she has been often referred by critics and music publications as the “Pop Punk Queen” due to her achievement and impact in the industry. Lavigne is considered a key musician in the development of pop punk music since she paved the way for female-driven, punk-influenced pop music. Since her professional debut, Lavigne has sold more than 40 million albums and over 50 million singles worldwide, making her the third-best-selling Canadian female artist of all time, behind Celine Dion and Shania Twain. Let Go made Lavigne the youngest female soloist to have a number 1 album in the UK. As of 2013, it has sold nearly 7 million copies in the United States and over 16 million copies worldwide. Her breakthrough single, “Complicated”, peaked at number 1 in many countries around the world, as did the album Let Go. Her second studio album, Under My Skin, was released in May 2004 and was her first album to peak at number 1 on the US Billboard 200, eventually selling more than 10 million copies worldwide. The Best Damn Thing, Lavigne's third album, was released in April 2007, becoming her third number 1 album in the UK Albums Chart and featuring her first US Billboard Hot 100 number 1 single, “Girlfriend”. Lavigne has scored six number-one singles worldwide, including “Complicated”, “Sk8er Boi”, “I'm with You”, “My Happy Ending”, “Nobody's Home”, and “Girlfriend”. Lavigne is one of the top-selling artists releasing albums in the US, with over 12 million copies certified by the RIAA. Her fourth studio album, Goodbye Lullaby, was released in March 2011. Goodbye Lullaby gave Lavigne her fourth top 10 album on the US Billboard 200 and the UK Albums Chart and her third number 1 album in both Japan and Australia. Three months after the release of Goodbye Lullaby, Lavigne began work on her eponymously titled fifth studio album, which was released by Epic Records on 1 November 2013 following her departure from RCA Records in 2011. Lavigne took a break from recording music, pursuing careers in feature film acting and designing clothes and perfumes. She voiced Heather, a Virginia opossum, in the animated film Over the Hedge in 2006. That same year, she made her on-screen feature film debut in Fast Food Nation. In 2008, Lavigne introduced her clothing line, Abbey Dawn, and in 2009 she released her first perfume, Black Star, which was followed by Forbidden Rose in 2010, and Wild Rose in 2011. In July 2006, Lavigne married her boyfriend of two years, Deryck Whibley, lead singer and guitarist for Sum 41. The marriage lasted four years. In October 2009, Lavigne filed for divorce. Whibley and Lavigne continued to work together, with Whibley producing her fourth album, as well as Lavigne's single “Alice”, written for Tim Burton's film Alice in Wonderland.

Unité 42 - Backing band - Netflix

Unité 42 - References - Netflix

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Winnetou le mescalero - Netflix

Winnetou le mescalero - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 26 minutes

Premier: 1980-07-04

Winnetou le mescalero - Mescalero - Netflix

Mescalero or Mescalero Apache is an Apache tribe of Southern Athabaskan Native Americans. The tribe is federally recognized as the Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Apache Reservation, located in south central New Mexico. In the nineteenth century, the Mescalero opened their reservation to other Apache bands, such as the Mimbreno and the Chiricahua, many of whom had been imprisoned in Florida. The Lipan Apache also joined the reservation. Their descendants are enrolled in the Mescalero Apache Tribe.

Winnetou le mescalero - Culture and language - Netflix

The Mescalero language is a Southern Athabaskan language which is a subfamily of the Athabaskan and Dené–Yeniseian families. Mescalero is part of the southwestern branch of this subfamily; it is very closely related to Chiricahua, and more distantly related to Western Apache. These are considered the three dialects of Apachean. Although Navajo is a related Southern Athabaskan language, its language and culture are considered distinct from those of the Apache. The Mescalero Apache were primarily a nomadic mountain people. They traveled east on the arid plains to hunt the buffalo and south into the desert for gathering Mescal Agave. Spanish colonists associated them with this plant and named them Mescalero Apache. The Mescalero Apache, along with the other Apache groups, lived by traditional hunting and gathering. If conditions were poor, they raided other tribes, and Spanish, Mexican and American settlers to survive.

Winnetou le mescalero - References - Netflix

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Kim Kong - Netflix

Mathieu Stannis, a blasé and depressive director of big-budget action movies, is kidnapped by an Asian dictator to shoot the very personal adaptation of "King Kong" that he wrote himself.

Kim Kong - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 55 minutes

Premier: 2017-09-14

Kim Kong - MonsterVerse - Netflix

The MonsterVerse is an American media franchise and shared fictional universe that is centered on a series of monster films featuring Godzilla and King Kong, co-produced and distributed by Warner Bros. and co-produced by Legendary Entertainment in partnership with Toho (for the Godzilla films). The first installment was Godzilla (2014), a reboot of the Godzilla franchise, which was followed by Kong: Skull Island (2017), a reboot of the King Kong franchise. The next film to be released will be Godzilla: King of the Monsters (2019), followed by Godzilla vs. Kong (2020). The series has grossed over $1 billion worldwide so far.

Kim Kong - Tie-in material - Netflix

Kim Kong - References - Netflix

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Coeurs caraïbes - Netflix

Coeurs caraïbes - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 90 minutes

Premier: 1995-12-06

Coeurs caraïbes - Martin Watier - Netflix

Martin Watier (born October 25, 1973) is a Canadian actor born in Montreal, Quebec. Specialized in dubbing, he is, among other things, the official French voice of many actors such as Colin Farrell, Jude Law, Jake Gyllenhaal, James Franco, Ryan Philippe, Josh Hartnett, and Ben Foster.

Coeurs caraïbes - Theater and musicals - Netflix

Le Royaume des Devins : Cal Jerusalem, The Musical : Hassan Jeanne : Bastard of Orleans Bang Boy, Bang : Rod Amadeus : Amadeus

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Les Mondes Engloutis - Netflix

Long ago, the mystical civilization of Arkadia was one of the most advanced places on Earth, until the end of the world came and forced the land and it's people underground. After that great cataclysm, the Arkadians lived deep in the center of the Earth and created an artificial sun called the Shagma (Tiera in the American version). But one fateful day years later, the Shagma began to fade out. In a desperate act, the Children of this unusual civilization and their ship with a mind of it's own broke into to the secret museum, which was considered forbidden, except for the creatures who are in charge of it.

Les Mondes Engloutis - Netflix

Type: Animation

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 30 minutes

Premier: 1985-09-24

Les Mondes Engloutis - Spartakus and the Sun Beneath the Sea - Netflix

Spartakus and the Sun Beneath the Sea (French: Les Mondes Engloutis, “The Engulfed Worlds”) is a French animated series created by Nina Wolmark. The series consists of 52 episodes, each between 20 and 25 minutes in length, divided into two 26-episode seasons.

Les Mondes Engloutis - Main characters - Netflix

Arkana: The Arkadian children created her out of stone with the help of the Tehra's rainbow light, as well as the avatar of all the Arkadians. As she was made in the image of the surface dwellers, she has legs, unlike the Arkadians themselves, who somehow lost them some time after the creation of the Tehra. She is a well-meaning but naïve magician, capable of telekinetic feats and projecting illusions. Her mission is to seek help from above in repairing the Tehra. She is referred to by the show's villains as the “supergeophysical gal”. She seems to have a strong resemblance to an Arkadian scientist from the distant past, who helped in the creation of the Tehra. Bic and Bac: Among the oldest living things in Arkadia, these two happy little animals are the best of friends, and enjoy dancing to their song, the “Flashbic.” They are a kind of pangolin anteater, but unlike their real-life relatives, they have no scales or claws. They are affectionate, clever and playful, and can make fire by rubbing their noses together. Matthew “Matt” (Bob) and Rebecca: Brother and sister, these children from above ground join Arkana and Spartakus on their quest to save Arkadia. Matt is the older of the two, and tries to protect his overeager sister, whom he affectionately calls “half-pint.” Spartakus: Once a gladiator in the city of Barkar, this young man escaped slavery following a revolt. His gauntlet conceals a magic crossbow, dagger, and grappling hook, and is eventually discovered to be made from auricite, which allows it to cause reactions when in close proximity to Arkadian artifacts. He remembers very little about his past, but often hums the songs his father taught him, or plays them on his mouth harp. His character is based on the historical Spartacus. It is suggested that his ancestors were people who left Arkadia in the distant past, before they lost their legs. Tehrig (ShagShag): The only creature allowed free access to the Archives was Tehrig, an intelligent time traveling, interstellar, spaceship-type vehicle vaguely shaped like a giant trilobite a.k.a. a turtle. It secretly helped the children of Arkadia gain entry to the records and serves Arkana and her friends as a transport. Though its computer brain dates back to before the Great Cataclysm and possesses an encyclopedic database, there are large holes in its memory. It also contains a number of tiny robots called Triggies (Shaggies) that it can mobilize to distract enemies or repair itself. The Pirates of the Seas: Members of the Interstrata Marine Pirate Federation, these “punk pirates” roam the strata seeking helpless voyagers to rob or enslave, and they frequently show up to menace the show's heroes. Their appearance is marked by a recurring theme song and dance performance. Their society is structured in the guise of a democracy controlled through mass media. Nasty Max (Maxagaze pun with “Masque à gaz” (gas mask)) has a large blue mohawk and leads the vicious band. Mighty Matt (Mattymatte), a simple-minded pirate with a small red mohawk, is Max's sidekick. Massmedia is Max's girlfriend and broadcasts station FIPIRATE from her radio craft. Her mohawk is blonde. Sleazeappeal (Seskapil, wordplay on “sex appeal” ), a sophisticated pirate with a green mohawk.

Les Mondes Engloutis - References - Netflix

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Les enfants de la télé - Netflix

Les enfants de la télé (Children of TV) brings together personalities from the French-speaking world each week to reveal their good and bad moves, but especially to celebrate them with extracts from TV, film and web archives. On this lively plateau, this typical Quebecois cooking party, both glamorous and convivial, sometimes touches the canning (while passing by the nostalgia), and often provokes collective laughter.

Les enfants de la télé - Netflix

Type: Talk Show

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 40 minutes

Premier: 2010-09-15

Les enfants de la télé - Sara Martins - Netflix

Sara Martins (born 19 August 1977) is a Portuguese actress of Cape-Verdean descent. She is known in France for her roles on television and in film and theatre. She appeared as Detective Sergeant Camille Bordey in the joint British-French crime comedy-drama Death in Paradise, filmed in Guadeloupe, a French overseas department. She left the show halfway through series 4 (January 2015).

Les enfants de la télé - Film - Netflix

Les enfants de la télé - References - Netflix

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Soupçons - Netflix

This unrestricted docu-series follows the entire case from the first few days after Kathleen's death to its unbelievable conclusion in court. Get unprecedented access to the defendant and his team of lawyers, investigators and forensics experts as they react to every surprise revelation and astonishing accusation. And see the controversial events through the eyes of the unusual family battling for their father's life. Will the jury believe Peterson's an innocent man or condemn him as a cold-blooded killer? Each staggering twist will keep you guessing right up to the final verdict.

Soupçons - Netflix

Type: Documentary

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: 60 minutes

Premier: 2004-10-07

Soupçons - Louvre - Netflix

The Louvre (US: ), or the Louvre Museum (French: Musée du Louvre [myze dy luvʁ] ( listen)), is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France. A central landmark of the city, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the city's 1st arrondissement (district or ward). Approximately 38,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 72,735 square metres (782,910 square feet). In 2017, the Louvre was the world's most visited art museum, receiving 8.1 million visitors. The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace, originally built as a fortress in the late 12th to 13th century under Philip II. Remnants of the fortress are visible in the basement of the museum. Due to the urban expansion of the city, the fortress eventually lost its defensive function and, in 1546, was converted by Francis I into the main residence of the French Kings. The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace. In 1682, Louis XIV chose the Palace of Versailles for his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from 1692, a collection of ancient Greek and Roman sculpture. In 1692, the building was occupied by the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons. The Académie remained at the Louvre for 100 years. During the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum to display the nation's masterpieces. The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, the majority of the works being royal and confiscated church property. Because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. The collection was increased under Napoleon and the museum was renamed Musée Napoléon, but after Napoleon's abdication many works seized by his armies were returned to their original owners. The collection was further increased during the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X, and during the Second French Empire the museum gained 20,000 pieces. Holdings have grown steadily through donations and bequests since the Third Republic. The collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings.

Soupçons - French Revolution - Netflix

During the French Revolution the Louvre was transformed into a public museum. In May 1791, the Assembly declared that the Louvre would be “a place for bringing together monuments of all the sciences and arts”. On 10 August 1792, Louis XVI was imprisoned and the royal collection in the Louvre became national property. Because of fear of vandalism or theft, on 19 August, the National Assembly pronounced the museum's preparation as urgent. In October, a committee to “preserve the national memory” began assembling the collection for display.

Soupçons - References - Netflix

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La vie - Netflix

Type: Animation

Languages: French

Status: Ended

Runtime: None minutes

Premier: None

La vie - La Vie de Bohème - Netflix

La Vie de Bohème (full title in French, Scènes de la vie de bohème) is a work by Henri Murger, published in 1851. Although it is commonly called a novel, it does not follow standard novel form. Rather, it is a collection of loosely related stories, all set in the Latin Quarter of Paris in the 1840s, romanticizing bohemian life in a playful way. Most of the stories were originally published individually in a local literary magazine, Le Corsaire. Many of them were semi-autobiographical, featuring characters based on actual individuals who would have been familiar to some of the magazine's readers.

The first of these stories was published in March 1845, carrying the byline “Henri Mu..ez”. A second story followed more than a year later, in May 1846. This time Murger signed his name “Henry Murger”, spelling his first name with a “y” in imitation of the English name, an affectation he continued for the rest of his career. A third story followed in July, with the subtitle “Scènes de la bohème”. The same subtitle was used with 18 more stories, which continued to appear on a semi-regular basis until early 1849 (with a long break in 1848 for the revolution in Paris). Although the stories were popular within the small literary community, they initially failed to reach a larger audience or generate much income for Murger. This changed in 1849, after Murger was approached by Théodore Barrière, an up-and-coming young playwright, who proposed writing a play based on the stories. Murger agreed to the collaboration, and the result — titled La Vie de la bohème, credited to Barrière and Murger as co-authors — was staged to great success at the Théâtre des Variétés. The popularity of the play created a demand for publication of the stories. Murger therefore compiled most of the stories into a single collection. To help establish continuity, he added some new material. A preface discussed the meaning of “bohemian”, and a new first chapter served to introduce the setting and the main characters. To the end were added two more chapters which wrap up some loose ends and offer final thoughts on the bohemian life. This became the novel, published in January 1851. A second edition was published later in the year, in which Murger added one more story. Two operas were later based on the novel and play, La bohème by Giacomo Puccini in 1896 and La bohème by Ruggero Leoncavallo in 1897. Puccini's became one of the most popular operas of all time, spawning several later works based on the same story.

La vie - Works involving the La bohème theme - Netflix

La bohème — opera by Giacomo Puccini, 1896 La bohème — opera by Ruggero Leoncavallo, 1897 “La Vie Bohème”, song Bohemios — zarzuela by Amadeo Vives, 1904 La Bohème, a 1916 French silent film starring Alice Brady and directed by Albert Capellani La Bohème — an MGM silent film starring Lillian Gish and John Gilbert, 1926 Mimi — British film starring Gertrude Lawrence, 1935 La Vie de Boheme — French film directed by Marcel L'Herbier, 1945 La Bohème - 1965 West German film La Vie de Bohème — jazz album by pianist Dave Burrell, 1969 La Vie de Bohème — film directed by Aki Kaurismäki, 1992 Rent — musical by Jonathan Larson, 1996 Moulin Rouge! — A film created in 2001, based parts of its plot on the original story La Vida Bohème — alternative rock band from Venezuela, founded in the late 2006 Scènes de la vie de bohème — film directed by Konstantyn Seliverstov, 2008

La vie - References - Netflix

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